Cinco de Mayo


Cinco de Mayo
Sp. /seeng"kaw dhe mah"yaw/
a Mexican holiday marking the victory of Mexican troops over French forces in Puebla, Mexico, on May 5, 1862.
[ < Sp: May 5]

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(Spanish; "Fifth of May")

Mexican holiday commemorating the Mexican victory over the French at Puebla in 1862.

The French army, better-equipped and far larger than the Mexican army, had been sent by Napoleon III to conquer Mexico. The Mexicans, under Gen. Ignacio Zaragoza, defeated the French at Puebla, inflicting serious losses. The French withdrew to the coast but returned the next year to take Puebla; they would control most of Mexico for the next four years. Cinco de Mayo celebrations often include music, dancing, and parades.

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▪ Mexican history
Spanish“Fifth of May”, also known as the  Anniversary of the Battle of Puebla 

      national holiday in Mexico in honour of a military victory in 1862 over the French forces of Napoleon III. When in 1861 Mexico declared a temporary moratorium on the repayment of foreign debts, English, Spanish, and French troops invaded the country. By April 1862 the English and Spanish had withdrawn, but the French, with the support of wealthy landowners, remained in an attempt to establish a monarchy under Maximilian of Austria and to curb U.S. power in North America. On May 5, 1862, a poorly equipped mestizo and Zapotec force under the command of General Ignacio Zaragoza defeated French troops at the Battle of Puebla (Puebla, Battle of), southeast of Mexico City; about 1,000 French troops were killed. Although the fighting continued and the French were not driven out for another five years, the victory at Puebla became a symbol of Mexican resistance to foreign domination. The city, which was later renamed Puebla de Zaragoza, is the site of a museum devoted to the battle, and the battlefield itself is maintained as a park.

      The day is celebrated in Mexico, especially in Puebla, with parades and speeches. In some cities there are reenactments of the Battle of Puebla. Cinco de Mayo has also become a festive holiday in parts of the United States with large Mexican American populations, including many cities of the Southwest. Celebrations in the United States often extend beyond the actual day to encompass an entire week, with parades and festivals that include music, dancing, and food.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cinco De Mayo — est de plus en plus célébré en Californie et dans le sud ouest des États Unis. El Cinco de Mayo (« le 5 mai » en espagnol) est une fête nationale au Mexique. Il commémore la victoire des forces mexicaines menées par le Général Ignacio… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cinco de mayo — est de plus en plus célébré en Californie et dans le sud ouest des États Unis. El Cinco de Mayo (« le 5 mai » en espagnol) est une fête nationale au Mexique. Il commémore la victoire des forces mexicaines menées par le Général Ignacio… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cinco de Mayo — est de plus en plus célébré en Californie et dans le sud ouest des États Unis. El Cinco de Mayo (« le 5 mai » en espagnol) est une fête nationale au Mexique. Il commémore la victoire des forces mexicaines menées par le Général Ignacio… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cinco de Mayo — Not to be confused with Mexican Independence Day, which occurs on September 16. Cinco de Mayo Battle of Puebla Observed by US Americans, mixed nationality; citizens of Puebla, Puebla …   Wikipedia

  • Cinco de Mayo — Para la fecha homónima, véase 5 de mayo. Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cinco de Mayo — El Cinco de Mayo (spanisch 5. Mai) ist ein mexikanischer Nationalfeiertag. An ihm wird des Sieges gedacht, den die mexikanische Armee unter Führung von General Ignacio Zaragoza über die zahlenmäßig überlegenen Kräfte einer französischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cinco de mayo — El Cinco de Mayo (span. 5. Mai) ist ein mexikanischer Nationalfeiertag. An ihm wird des Sieges gedacht, den die mexikanische Armee, unter Führung von General Ignacio Zaragoza, über die zahlenmäßig überlegenen Kräfte einer französischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cinco de mayo — El día de hoy, las armas nacionales se cubrieron de gloria. éste es el inicio del texto Parte de Guerra que el general Ignacio Zaragoza le envió al presidente Benito Juárez el 5 de mayo de 1862, tras una épica batalla en que las fuerzas mexicanas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cinco de Mayo — noun Etymology: Spanish, fifth of May Date: 1931 a Mexican and Mexican American celebration held on May 5 in commemoration of the Mexican victory over the French at Puebla in 1862 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cinco de mayo — …   Википедия


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