Chur

Chur
/koor/, n.
a town in and the capital of Grisons, in E Switzerland. 32,600.

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(German), French  Coire , Italian  Coira , Romansh  Cuera 

      capital, Graubünden (Grisons) canton, eastern Switzerland. It lies on the Plessur River in the Rhine Valley. The meeting point of roads from Italy over several Alpine passes, it was important in Roman times as Curia Raetorum, the centre of the Roman province of Raetia. First mentioned in 452 as the seat of a bishopric, it was ruled in the Middle Ages by its bishops, who became princes of the Holy Roman Empire in 1170. Chur was the centre of the Gotteshausbund (League of the House of God) against the power of the prince bishops and the Habsburgs in 1367, and it became the capital of the new canton of Graubünden in 1803. Notable landmarks include the Catholic Cathedral (1175–1282), the Episcopal (Bishop's) Palace (rebuilt 1728–37), the Protestant Church of St. Martin (8th century, rebuilt 1476–91), the Raetian Museum, and art and natural history museums.

      Chur's main industry is tourism, but it is also a significant trading centre, especially for Valtelline wines. Metalworking, food processing, and the production of machinery are important. The population is mainly German speaking with a small Roman Catholic majority. Pop. (2007 est.) 32,441.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Chur — Basisdaten Staat: Schweiz Kanton …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chur GR — Chur Basisdaten Kanton: Graubünden Bezirk: Plessur BFS Nr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chur — • Comprises at present the Swiss Cantons of Graubünden (Grisons), Glarus, Zürich, Unterwalden, and Uri, as well as the little Principality of Lichtenstein Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Chur     Chur …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Chur 97 — Voller Name Chur 97 Gegründet 1997 Vereinsfarben rot, weiss, schwarz Stadion Ringstrasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chur — [ku:ɐ̯ ]: Hauptstadt des Kantons Graubünden. * * * Chur   [kuːr],    1) bündnerromanische Cuera, Cuira, Cuoira, Hauptstadt des Kantons Graubünden, Schweiz, 585 m über dem …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chur [1] — Chur (rätoroman. Cuera, ital. Coira, franz. Coire), Hauptstadt des schweizer. Kantons Graubünden, 594 m ü. M., auf dem Schuttkegel der Plessur, eines rechtsseitigen Zuflusses des Rheins, Knotenpunkt der Bahnlinien C. Sargans Rorschach und Thusis… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • chur — chur·ras·co; chur·ri·gue·resque; chur·ro; chur·rus; …   English syllables

  • CHUR — may refer to:* CHUR FM, a radio station in North Bay, Ontario, Canada * Chur, is a city in Switzerland …   Wikipedia

  • Chur — Chur, romanisch Coira, Hauptstadt Graubündens und des Gotteshausbundes, unweit des Rheins an der wilden Plessur mit 6200 E., sehr lebhaftem Transithandel, einer reformirten Kantonsschule, einigen Fabriken. C. ist uraltes Bisthum; 452 Bischof… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Chur [1] — Chur (Staatsw.), so v. w. Kur …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chur [2] — Chur (ital., Coira, auch Cuera, romanisch Quera), Hauptstadt des Cantons Graubündten an der Plessur im Rheinthal, romantisch gelegen, Sitz eines Bischofs u. der Bundesbehörden, einer Post u. Zolldirection, einer Telegraphenhauptstation, ist zum… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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