Chongqing


Chongqing
/chawng"ching"/, n. Pinyin.
a city in SE Sichuan province, in S central China, on the Chang Jiang: provisional capital of China 1937-46. 2,400,000.
Also, Chungking.

* * *

or Ch'ung-ch'ing conventional Chungking

City and municipality with provincial status (pop., 1999 est.: city, 3,193,889; 2000 est.: municipality, 30,900,000).

The municipality is bordered by Sichuan, Shaanxi, Hubei, Hunan, and Guizhou provinces and has an area of 8,900 sq mi (23,000 sq km). The leading river port and industrial centre of southwestern China, Chongqing ("Double-Blessed") lies at the confluence of the Yangtze (Chang) and Jialing rivers. In the 11th century BC it was a feudal state under the Western Zhou dynasty. Over the next several centuries its status alternated from being ruled by an empire in northern China to being an independent state. It finally came under Chinese rule in the Ming dynasty, continuing under the Qing dynasty. It was opened to foreign trade in 1890. It played a large role in the revolution of 1911. Once a city of narrow and irregular streets, Chongqing changed greatly as a result of a modernization program introduced during World War II, when it became the Nationalist capital. Since the war it has become an important industrial centre. It is home to Chongqing University (founded 1929).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chongqing — Chóngqìng · 重庆 Le Grand Hall …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CHONGQING — [TCH’ONG K’ING] La plus grande ville de la province du Sichuan et aussi le plus grand centre urbain et industriel de tout le Sud Ouest chinois, avec, en 1991, une population estimée à 2 266 772 habitants. Chongqing s’est développée à partir d’un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chongqing —   [tʃuȖtʃiȖ], Chungking [tʃuȖtʃiȖ], Tschungking [ tʃiȖ], Stadt in Westchina, im Roten Becken, am oberen Jangtsekiang15,3Mio. Einwohner, seit 14. 3. 1997 regierungsunmittelbares Stadtgebiet im Rang einer Provinz; die neue Verwaltungseinheit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chongqing — [chooŋ′chiŋ′] city in Sichuan province, SC China, on the Chang River: pop. 4,070,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Chongqing — For other uses, see Chongqing (disambiguation). Chongqing 重庆   Municipality   Municipality of Chongqing • 重庆市 …   Wikipedia

  • Chongqing — 重庆市 Chóngqìng shì Abkürzung: 渝 (Pinyin: Yu) Staat China Volksrepublik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chongqing — 重庆市 Municipalidad de Chongqing Municipalidad de la República Popular China …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chongqing — Original name in latin Chongqing Name in other language CKG, Cchung cching, Ch ung ch ing, Ch ung ch ing shih, Chongqing, Chongqing zhong qing, Chongqing Chongqing Shi, Chuncin, Chungking, Ch’ung ch’ing, Ch’ung ch’ing shih, Congcing, Congcingas,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Chongqing — ► C. de la R. P. de China, en la prov. de Sichuan y cap. de la región del Sudoeste, en la confluencia de los ríos Azul y Jialing; 2 960 000 h. Principal puerto fluvial y núcleo industrial del SO de China. * * * o Ch ung ch ing convencional… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chongqing — or Ch ung ch ing or Chungking geographical name city SE Sichuan on the Chang; capital of China 1937 43 population 2,266,772 …   New Collegiate Dictionary