- Chisholm Trail
a cattle trail leading N from San Antonio, Tex., to Abilene, Kan.: used for about twenty years after the Civil War.[named after Jesse Chisholm (1806-68), American scout]
* * *19th-century route for cattle drives from Texas to Kansas, probably named for the trader Jesse Chisholm (1806?–1868?).The trail ran from south of San Antonio, across Oklahoma to Abilene, Kan., where a railhead was established in 1867. Between 1867 and 1871 1.5 million head of cattle were driven north over the trail to be shipped to markets in the East. After the 1880s the trail's importance declined as other railheads were established.
* * *▪ cattle trail, United States19th-century cattle drovers' trail in the western United States. Although its exact route is uncertain, it originated south of San Antonio, Texas, ran north across Oklahoma, and ended at Abilene, Kan. Little is known of its early history. It was probably named for Jesse Chisholm, a 19th-century trader. In 1867 a cattle-shipping depot on the Kansas Pacific Railroad was established in Abilene by Joseph G. McCoy. Between 1867 and 1871 about 1,500,000 head of cattle were driven north along the trail to Abilene, which was the departure point for shipment of the cattle to eastern markets. The trail's importance declined after 1871, as other railheads were established, but increased again in the 1880s when the Santa Fe Railroad reached Caldwell, Kan. The long cattle drives gradually declined as the railroads built branch lines in the late 19th century.
* * *
См. также в других словарях:
Chisholm Trail — the Chisholm Trail a path used for moving millions of cattle from Texas to Kansas during the 1800s … Dictionary of contemporary English
Chisholm Trail — [chiz′əm] [after Jesse Chisholm (1806? 68), U.S. frontier scout who established it] cattle trail from San Antonio, Tex., to Abilene, Kans.: important from 1865 until the 1880s … English World dictionary
Chisholm Trail — 1866, from Jesse Chisholm (c.1806 1868), halfbreed Cherokee trader and government agent who first plied it … Etymology dictionary
Chisholm Trail — The Chisholm Trail was a trail used in the late 19th century to drive cattle overland from ranches in Texas to Kansas railheads. The portion of the trail marked by Jesse Chisholm went from his southern trading post near the Red River, to his… … Wikipedia
Chisholm Trail — Der Chisholm Trail war ein Herdenweg in den Vereinigten Staaten für den Viehtrieb aus dem Süden von Texas zum Verladebahnhof im 500 Meilen (800 km) nördlicher gelegenen Abilene, Kansas. Der Trail wurde hauptsächlich zwischen den Jahren 1867 und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chisholm Trail — Chis′holm Trail′ n. geg a cattle trail leading N from San Antonio, Tex., to Abilene, Kan.: used for about 20 years after the Civil War • Etymology: after Jesse Chisholm (1806–68), a scout … From formal English to slang
Chisholm Trail — noun a former cattle trail from San Antonio in Texas to Abilene in Kansas; not used after the 1880s • Instance Hypernyms: ↑cattle trail • Part Holonyms: ↑Texas, ↑Lone Star State, ↑TX, ↑Kansas, ↑Sunflower State, ↑KS … Useful english dictionary
Chisholm Trail — Ruta abierta en el s. XIX para arrear ganado desde Texas a Kansas, cuyo nombre recuerda, probablemente, al comerciante Jesse Chisholm (n.¿1806? – m.¿ 1868?). La senda comenzaba al sur de San Antonio y cruzaba Oklahoma hasta Abilene, Kan., lugar… … Enciclopedia Universal
Chisholm Trail — geographical name pioneer cattle trail between San Antonio (Texas) & Abilene (in E central Kansas) used especially 1866 85 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Chisholm Trail Academy — Chisholm Trail Academy, Keene, Texas Chisholm Trail Academy (CTA) is a Seventh day Adventist co educational high school located at Fourth and Old Betsy in Keene, Texas. Keene is located midway between Alvarado and Cleburne, 25 miles (40 km)… … Wikipedia