Chimu

Chimu
/chee mooh"/, n., pl. Chimus, (esp. collectively) Chimu.
n.
1. a member of an Amerindian people inhabiting the northern coast of Peru and having a highly developed urban culture that lasted until its destruction by the Incas.
2. the language of this people.
adj.
3. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Chimu, their language, or their culture.

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South American Indians who maintained the largest and most important political system in Peru before the advent of the Inca.

The Chimú state took shape in the early 14th century. It was a highly stratified society, with a mass of peasants labouring under a ruling nobility. Its capital, Chan Chan, on the northern coast of present-day Peru, is now a major archaeological site. The Chimú produced fine textiles and gold, silver, and copper objects. In the 15th century they were conquered by the Inca, who absorbed much of Chimú high culture into their own imperial organization.

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people
      South American Indians who maintained the largest and most important political system in Peru before the Inca (q.v.).

      The distinctive pottery of the Chimú aids in dating Andean civilization in the late periods along the north coast of Peru. They expanded by conquest from Piura to Casma and Paramonga in the south. Their state apparently began to take shape in the first half of the 14th century AD, at a time of great increase in population. The Chimú constructed cities and developed large-scale irrigation systems. There seems to have been much social stratification from peasant to nobility, and probably all the basic elements of the contemporary Inca civilization were present on a slightly smaller scale. In 1465–70, however, they were conquered by the Inca under Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui and his son Topa Inca Yupanqui. The Inca absorbed much of the Chimú high culture, including their political organization, irrigation systems, and road engineering, into their own imperial organization.

 Chimú culture was based on agriculture, aided by immense works of irrigation engineering. They did excellent work in textiles and in gold, silver, and copper. Pottery types tended to be standardized, with quantity production, made in molds, and generally of a plain black ware. The Chimú language, known as Yunca (Yunga), Mochica, or Moche, now extinct, was very different and definitely distinct from that of the Inca.

      The Chimú capital, Chan Chan (q.v.), on the northern seacoast of Peru not far from Trujillo, is now utterly deserted and uninhabitable for lack of water, but it is one of the world's most notable archaeological sites, with 14 square miles (36 square km) of rectangular blocks and streets, great walls, reservoirs, and pyramid temples, all built of adobe mud. Its population must have numbered many thousands.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Chimu — Chimú Carte de la culture Chimú …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chimú — Chimụ́   [tʃ ], Indianer des vorkolumbischen Peru, die an der Nordküste Perus um 1200 ein bedeutendes Reich errichteten. Es erstreckte sich über 900 km von Tumbes im Norden bis Paramonga im S. Erst 1463 wurde es von einem Inkaheer unter Tupac… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chimú — chimú. adj. Se dice del individuo de un pueblo amerindio que habitaba en el norte del Perú. U. t. c. s. || 2. Perteneciente o relativo a los chimúes. || 3. m. Lengua hablada por los chimúes. * * * Al igual que los Mochica se desarrollaron entre… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chimu — (spr. tschi ), Tal im peruan. Depart. La Libertad, nahe bei der Stadt Trujillo, mit den mächtigen Ruinen der großen Stadt Gran C., der größten und volkreichsten Stadt des alten Peru, vielleicht der Hauptstadt des lange vom Inkareich unabhängig… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chimu — (spr. tschi ), ehemal. Reich und Volk an der Küste des nördl. Peru (Prov. Trujillo); großartige Reste der einstigen Hauptstadt; Sprache C. oder Muchik …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • chimú — 1. adj. Se dice del individuo de un pueblo amerindio que habitaba en el norte del Perú. U. t. c. s.) 2. Perteneciente o relativo a los chimúes. 3. m. Lengua hablada por los chimúes …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Chimú — Carte de la culture Chimú …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chimu — Die Ausdehnung des Inkareiches und des Chimúreiches Die Chimú Kultur setzte sich in der Zeit von 1250 bis 1470 im Norden von Peru in der Gegend um die Stadt Trujillo durch. Zur Zeit der größten Ausdehnung reichte ihr Einfluss im Norden bis zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chimú — Die Ausdehnung des Inkareiches und des Chimúreiches Die Chimú Kultur setzte sich in der Zeit von 1250 bis 1470 im Norden von Peru in der Gegend um die Stadt Trujillo durch. Zur Zeit der größten Ausdehnung reichte ihr Einfluss im Norden bis zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • chimu — I. chēˈmü noun (plural chimu or chimus) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Spanish chimú, of American Indian origin 1. a. : an extinct Yuncan people of the northwest coast of Peru …   Useful english dictionary


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