chilblain


chilblain
chilblained, adj.
/chil"blayn/, n. Usually, chilblains. Pathol.
an inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture. Also called pernio.
[1540-50; CHILL + BLAIN]

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also called  pernio, or erythema pernio,  

      an inflammatory swelling of the skin of the hands or feet, resulting from exposure to cold. The condition is believed to result from cold hypersensitivity of small vessels of the skin. Tissue damage is less severe with chilblains than with frostbite, where the skin is actually frozen. Red, itching papules and patches of eroded tissue appear on the skin, which is cold and clammy to the touch; severe chilblains may blister and swell. The condition is aggravated by warmth, and sudden rewarming is not recommended. The preferred treatment is to elevate the affected part and allow it to warm gradually at room temperature.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chilblain — Chil blain , chilblains chil blains, n. [Chill + Blain.] A blain, sore, or inflammatory swelling of the feet or hands, produced by exposure to cold, and attended by itching, pain, and sometimes ulceration. Syn: pernio. [1913 Webster + WordNet… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chilblain — Chil blain , v. t. To produce chilblains upon. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chilblain — 1540s, from CHILL (Cf. chill) + BLAIN (Cf. blain) …   Etymology dictionary

  • chilblain — ► NOUN ▪ a painful, itching swelling on a hand or foot caused by poor circulation in the skin when exposed to cold. ORIGIN from CHILL(Cf. ↑chillness) + archaic blain, from an Old English word meaning «inflamed swelling or sore» …   English terms dictionary

  • chilblain — [chil′blān΄] n. [ CHIL(L) + blain < OE blegen, a sore < IE * bhlei < base * bhel , to blow up, swell > BALL1] a painful swelling or sore caused by exposure to cold, esp. on the fingers, toes, or ears chilblained adj …   English World dictionary

  • chilblain — UK [ˈtʃɪlˌbleɪn] / US noun [countable] Word forms chilblain : singular chilblain plural chilblains a painful swollen lump on a finger or toe, usually in cold weather …   English dictionary

  • Chilblain — A cold injury which, while painful, causes little or no permanent impairment. It appears as red, swollen skin which is tender, hot to the touch, and may itch. This can worsen to an aching, prickly ( pins and needles ) sensation, and then numbness …   Medical dictionary

  • chilblain — noun Etymology: 1chill Date: 1547 an inflammatory swelling or sore caused by exposure (as of the feet or hands) to cold …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Chilblain — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 31219 ICD10 = ICD10|T|69|1|t|66 ICD9 = ICD9|991.5 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = derm eMedicineTopic = 322 MeshID = Chilblains, also called perniosis or blain, when occurring on… …   Wikipedia

  • chilblain — noun [ˈtʃɪlbleɪnz/ An itchy purple red inflammation of the skin, especially of the hands, feet and ears. It occurs when capillaries below the skin are damaged by exposure to cold weather. Syn: erythema pernio, pernio …   Wiktionary