- Chicago School
a group of Chicago architects active between c1880 and c1910 and known for major developments in skyscraper design and for experiments in a modern architectural style appropriate esp. to business and industrial buildings: two of the best-known members were Louis Sullivan and John Wellborn Root.
* * *Group of architects and engineers who in the 1890s exploited the twin developments of structural steel framing and the electrified elevator, paving the way for the ubiquitous modern-day skyscraper.Their work earned Chicago a reputation as the "birthplace of modern architecture." Among the school's members were Louis Sullivan, Daniel Burnham, and John Wellborn Root (1850–91).
* * *group of architects and engineers who, in the late 19th century, developed the skyscraper. They included Daniel Burnham (Burnham, Daniel H.), William Le Baron Jenney (Jenney, William Le Baron), John Root (Root, John Wellborn), and the firm of Dankmar Adler (Adler, Dankmar) and Louis Sullivan (Sullivan, Louis).Among the buildings representative of the school in Chicago are the Montauk Building (Burnham and Root, 1882), the Auditorium Building (Adler and Sullivan, 1887–89), the Monadnock Building (Burnham and Root, 1891), and the Carson Pirie Scott & Co. store (originally the Schlesinger-Mayer department store; Sullivan, 1898–1904). Chicago, because of this informal school, has been called the “birthplace of modern architecture.”
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