- Chiang Mai
/chyahng" muy"/a city in NW Thailand. 100,000. Also Chiangmai, Chiengmai.
* * *City (pop., 1999 est.: 171,594), northwestern Thailand.Located on the Ping River about 80 mi (130 km) east of Myanmar, it was founded in the late 13th century as the capital of the independent Lan Na kingdom. Later subject to Myanmar, it was taken by the Siamese in 1774, but retained a degree of independence from Bangkok until the late 19th century. It is now northern Thailand's religious, economic, and cultural centre. Nearby is the temple complex of Wat Phra That Doi Suthop, whose monastery was built in the 14th century.
* * *▪ Thailandalso spelled Chiengmai,largest city in northern Thailand and the third largest city in the nation after metropolitan Bangkok and Nakhon Ratchasima. It is located on the Ping River, a major tributary of the Chao Phraya River, near the centre of a fertile intermontane basin at an elevation of 1,100 feet (335 m). It serves as the religious, economic, cultural, educational, and transportation centre for both northern Thailand and part of neighbouring Myanmar (Burma). Once the capital of an independent kingdom, the city also has strong cultural ties with Laos.The settlement, founded as a royal residence in 1292 and as a town in 1296, served as the capital of the Lanna Thai kingdom until 1558, when it fell to the Myanmar. In 1774 the Siamese king Taksin drove out the Myanmar; but Chiang Mai retained a degree of independence from Bangkok until the late 19th century.In contrast to the normally densely populated Asian city, Chiang Mai has the appearance of a large village—orderly, clean, traditional, and almost sprawling. The older part of town, particularly the 18th-century walled settlement, is on the west bank of the river; it contains ruins of many 13th- and 14th-century temples. The modern east-bank portion is a more open area. Two bridges cross the broad Ping River. Chiang Mai is a flourishing tourist and resort centre. Phu Ping Palace, the summer home of the Thai royal family, is nearby.The city is renowned as a centre of Thai handicrafts. Small villages nearby specialize in crafts such as silverwork, wood carving, and making pottery, umbrellas, and lacquerware. Traditional Thai silk is woven at San Kamphaeng to the east.Educational facilities include the Northern Technical Institute (1957), the Maejo Institute of Agricultural Technology (1934), and Chiang Mai University (1964). Affiliated with the university are the Tribal Research Centre, the Lanna Thai Social Sciences Research Centre, the Regional Centre of Mineral Resources, the Industrial Economics Centre of Northern Thailand, the Anaemia and Malnutrition Research Centre, and the Multiple Cropping Project.Chiang Mai is the terminus of the railway of 467 miles (752 km) from Bangkok and is also linked to southern Thailand by road and air. It has an international airport.The temple complex of Wat Phra That Doi Suthep is one of Thailand's most famous pilgrimage sites. The temple lies at an elevation of 3,520 feet (1,073 m) on the slopes of Mount Suthep, one of Thailand's highest peaks (5,528 feet [1,685 m]), just outside the city. The Doi Pui National Park occupies 40,000 acres (16,000 hectares) around the mountain. King Kue-Na built the monastery of the complex in the 14th century; its spired pagoda is said to hold relics of the Buddha.Many other temples are in the city itself. Wat Phra Sing (1345) houses Phra Sing, the most venerated Buddha figure of the north. Wat Chedi Luang (1411) housed Bangkok's famous Emerald Buddha during the 15th and 16th centuries. Pop. (1986 est.) 157,843.
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Chiang Mai — [tʃhi̯əȖ ], Tschiengmai, Provinzhauptstadt im Norden Thailands, liegt am Fuß des Doi Sutep (1 676 m über dem Meeresspiegel), 335 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 170 300 Einwohner; Nationalmuseum, königlicher Winterpalast, Universität (gegründet 1964) … Universal-Lexikon
Chiang Mai — city in northwest Thailand, founded in 1292; the name is Thai northern dialect chiang town + mai new … Etymology dictionary
Chiang Mai — or Chiangmai [jyäŋ′mī′] city in NW Thailand, on a headstream of the Chao Phraya: pop. 162,000 … English World dictionary
Chiang Mai — This article is about the city Chiang Mai. For other uses, see Chiang Mai (disambiguation). Chiang Mai เชียงใหม่ Chiang Mai … Wikipedia
Chiang Mai — เชียงใหม่ Chiang Mai … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chiang Mai — Pour la province de Thaïlande, voir Province de Chiang Mai. Anciennes fortifications autour des Douves de Chiang Mai … Wikipédia en Français
Chiang Mai — Río Ping. Chiang Mai (En Thai: เชียงใหม่) capital de la provincia de Chiang Mai, es la ciudad más grande y significativamente cultural del norte de Tailandia. Está situada en las coordenadas 18°47 20 N, 98°59 00 E, a unos 700 kilómetros al norte… … Wikipedia Español
Chiang Mai — Original name in latin Chiang Mai Name in other language Amphoe Muang Chiang Mai, CNX, Changwat Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai, Chiang Maj, Chiangmai, Chiengmai, Cziang Maj, Kiangmai, Muang Chieng Mai, Muang Jieng Hmai, Mueang Chiang Mai, Xieng Mai,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Chiang Mai FC — Football club infobox clubname = Chiang Mai FC สโมสรฟุตบอลเชียงใหม่ fullname = Chiang Mai Football Club nickname = Calibre founded = 1999 ground = Chiang Mai Municipality Stadium capacity = 10,000 chairman = manager = Chadchan Ekchaipattanakun… … Wikipedia
Chiang Mai — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Chiang Mai Country and Admin Code TH.02 TH … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II