chestnut oak

chestnut oak
any of several North American oaks, as Quercus prinus, having serrate or dentate leaves resembling those of the chestnut.
[1695-1705, Amer.]

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plant
      any of several species of North American timber trees, with chestnutlike leaves, belonging to the white oak group of the genus Quercus in the beech family (Fagaceae). Specifically, chestnut oak refers to Q. prinus (or Q. montana), also called rock chestnut oak, a tree found on rocky soils of the eastern United States and southern Canada. It is usually about 21 m (70 feet) tall but may grow to 30 m. It has blackish, tannin-rich bark, with deep longitudinal ridges; the chestnutlike, lance-shaped leaves, about 18 cm (7 inches) long, have 10 to 15 pairs of parallel veins, each ending at a rounded tooth. Yellow-green above, paler and fuzzy beneath, the leaves turn orange-red or rust brown in autumn.

      The swamp chestnut oak (Q. michauxii), sometimes considered a variety of Q. prinus, is a valuable bottomland timber tree of the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains and Mississippi Valley region. The tree is usually 24 to 36 m tall, with branches rising at narrow angles from a columnar trunk to a round, compact head. It has silver-white, red-tinged bark and bright green, glossy leaves, velvety and whitish beneath, usually 20 cm long, and turning red in autumn. Swamp chestnut oak is often called either cow oak, because the acorns are eaten by cattle, or basket oak, from local use of wood strips for basket material.

      Q. muehlenbergii, sometimes referred to as yellow chestnut oak, is also called chinquapin oak. The dwarf chestnut oak, or dwarf chinquapin oak, is Q. prinoides.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Chestnut oak — Oak Oak ([=o]k), n. [OE. oke, ok, ak, AS. [=a]c; akin to D. eik, G. eiche, OHG. eih, Icel. eik, Sw. ek, Dan. eeg.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Bot.) Any tree or shrub of the genus {Quercus}. The oaks have alternate leaves, often variously lobed, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chestnut oak — Taxobox name = Chestnut Oak status = LC image width = 240px image caption = Leaf cluster regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Fagales familia = Fagaceae genus = Quercus sectio = Quercus species = Q. prinus… …   Wikipedia

  • chestnut oak — noun an oak having leaves resembling those of chestnut trees • Hypernyms: ↑oak, ↑oak tree • Hyponyms: ↑swamp chestnut oak, ↑Quercus michauxii, ↑chinquapin oak, ↑chinkapin oak, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • chestnut oak — kalninis ąžuolas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bukinių šeimos medieninis augalas (Quercus montana), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Quercus montana angl. chestnut oak; mountain chestnut oak; rock chestnut oak šaltinis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • chestnut oak — bekotis ąžuolas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bukinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Quercus petraea), paplitęs Europoje ir pietvakarių Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Quercus petraea angl. chestnut oak; durmast …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • chestnut oak — chest′nut oak n. pln any of several North American oaks, as Quercus prinus, having serrate or dentate leaves resembling those of the chestnut • Etymology: 1695–1705, amer …   From formal English to slang

  • chestnut oak — noun Date: 1703 any of several oaks having oblong to lanceolate leaves with crenate or serrate edges: as a. chinquapin oak b. a medium sized oak (Quercus prinus) of eastern North America with large acorns and leaves that are yellow green above… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • chestnut oak — noun A species of oak tree native to the eastern USA, with taxonomic name Quercus prinus …   Wiktionary

  • Swamp Chestnut Oak — Taxobox name = Swamp Chestnut Oak image width = 240px image caption = A mature Swamp Chestnut Oak regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Fagales familia = Fagaceae genus = Quercus sectio = Quercus species = Q.… …   Wikipedia

  • mountain chestnut oak — kalninis ąžuolas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bukinių šeimos medieninis augalas (Quercus montana), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Quercus montana angl. chestnut oak; mountain chestnut oak; rock chestnut oak šaltinis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)


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