cherimoya


cherimoya
/cher'euh moy"euh/, n.
1. a tropical American tree, Annona cherimola, having leaves with velvety, hairy undersides and yellow-to-brown fragrant flowers.
2. the large, edible fruit of this tree, having leathery, scalelike skin and soft pulp.
Also, cherimoyer /cher'euh moy"euhr/, cherimolla /cher'euh moy"euh/, chirimoya.
[1730-40; < AmerSp chirimoya name of the fruit; of uncert. orig.; alleged analysis as Quechua chiri cold + muyu wheel, circle is prob. spurious]

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plant
      tree of the custard apple family ( Annonaceae), of the order Magnoliales. It is native to frost-free, higher elevations throughout tropical America and is widely cultivated in the Old World tropics for its pulpy, edible fruits weighing about 0.5 kg (1 pound). It is also grown commercially in California. The tree grows up to 9 metres (30 feet) tall but in cultivation is kept pruned to about 5 metres with a 6-metre spread to permit hand pollination of the 2.5-centimetre (1-inch), fleshy, white, fragrant flowers. Cherimoya trees have long and elliptically shaped, light green and velvety leaves. The large, globose, pale green fruits are smooth or have round protrusions, and the flesh is white and pulpy, with a sweet, acid flavour. A few black, bean-size seeds are embedded in the pulp. The crushed seeds are used as insecticides in Mexico and Guatemala, as are the seeds of the sugar apple, or sweetsop (A. squamosa). A hybrid, A. atemoya, produced by crossing a cherimoya with a sweetsop, tastes like the cherimoya, ships better than either parent, and is less likely to split than the sugar apple.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cherimoya — (Cherimolia), s. Anona …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • cherimoya — [cher΄ə moi′ə] n. [Sp chirimoya < ?] 1. a subtropical South American fruit tree (Annona cherimola) of the custard apple family having heart shaped, edible fruit with a rough skin and white pulp 2. this fruit …   English World dictionary

  • Cherimoya — Ripe cherimoya fruits See also: Annona cherimola The Cherimoya is the fruit of the species Annona cherimola, which is native to the Andes.[1] Today they are grown throughout South and Central America …   Wikipedia

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  • cherimoya — peruvinė anona statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Anoninių šeimos vaisinis, vaistinis augalas (Annona cherimola), paplitęs Pietų Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Annona cherimola; Annona pubescens; Annona tripetala angl. cherimoya; custard apple;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Cherimoya — Annona cherimola Annona cherimola …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cherimoya — noun 1. small tropical American tree bearing round or oblong fruit • Syn: ↑cherimoya tree, ↑Annona cherimola • Hypernyms: ↑custard apple, ↑custard apple tree • Part Meronyms: ↑cherimolla …   Useful english dictionary

  • cherimoya — noun a) A subtropical tree, scientific name Annona cherimola, native to mountainous areas South America b) A conical fruit with white flesh, distinguished by its irregular pattern on the skin, the fruit of the cherimoya, also known as a custard… …   Wiktionary


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