Chatham


Chatham
/chat"euhm/, n.
1. 1st Earl of. See Pitt, William, 1st Earl of Chatham.
2. a city in N Kent, in SE England. 56,921.
3. a city in SW Ontario, in S Canada, near Lake St. Clair. 40,952.

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      port, Medway unitary authority, geographic and historic county of Kent, southeastern England. The port lies along the River Medway just above its confluence with the River Thames, on the southeastern periphery of Greater London. Chatham is continuous with the communities of Rochester (west) and Gillingham and New Brompton (east), known as the Medway towns, for which Chatham functions as the main shopping centre.

      Chatham (recorded in 1086 as Ceteham) grew around the Royal Navy dockyard established by Henry VIII and later improved by Charles I. The dockyard, closed as a naval base in the early 1980s, is now an historic trust. It lies partly on reclaimed land where the Medway broadens into a tidal estuary. During the Napoleonic Wars a number of forts known as “Chatham Lines” were built on a hill east of the town. The novelist Charles Dickens (Dickens, Charles) lived at Chatham from 1817 to 1821 while his father worked in the naval pay office. The district is featured in many of his novels. The hospital for former seamen, founded (1592) by Sir John Hawkins, was rebuilt in the mid-18th century. Chatham is the home of the Royal School of Military Engineering, founded there in 1812. Pop. (2001) 73,468.

      city, seat of Kent county, southeastern Ontario, Canada. It lies at the head of navigation on the Thames River. The town originated in 1793 as a naval dockyard and was named after Chatham, Eng. During the War of 1812 (1812, War of) a retreating British army under General Henry A. Procter escaped (Oct. 4, 1813) at Chatham from General William Henry Harrison's pursuing American army due to a rearguard action by Chief Tecumseh's forces (allied with the British). Located about 40 miles (65 km) east of Detroit, the town was a northern terminus of the Underground Railroad for fugitive slaves before the American Civil War. Chatham is now the centre of a natural-gas, fruit-growing, and dairying district. Its varied industries include the manufacture of auto parts, plastics, and fabricated metals. Inc. village, 1841; town, 1855; city, 1895. Pop. (2001) 44,156.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chatham — may refer to: Places In England: Chatham, Kent Chatham Dockyard, frequently referred to simply as Chatham Chatham Historic Dockyard, a maritime museum that occupies part of the site of Chatham Dockyard Raid on the Medway, also known as Battle of… …   Wikipedia

  • Chatham — bezeichnet: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Orte 1.1 in den Vereinigten Staaten 2 Inseln 3 Personen 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chatham — Chatham, NJ U.S. borough in New Jersey Population (2000): 8460 Housing Units (2000): 3232 Land area (2000): 2.413097 sq. miles (6.249893 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001376 sq. miles (0.003563 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.414473 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chatham — es el nombre de numerosos lugares: Inglaterra Chatham (Kent) Estados Unidos Chatham (Chicago) Chatham (Illinois) Chatham (Iowa) Chatham (Luisiana) Chatham (Massachusetts) Chatham (Míchigan) Chatham (Nuevo Hampshire) Chatham Borough (Nueva Jersey) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chatham — • The Diocese comprises the northern half of the Province of New Brunswick, Canada, i.e., the counties of Gloucester, Madawaska, Northumberland, Restigouche, Victoria, and the part of Kent north of the Richibucto River Catholic Encyclopedia.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CHATHAM — CHATHAM, seaport in Kent, England. A Jewish community was established there in the middle of the 18th century, composed largely of hawkers who traded with the sailors; many of them later became licensed navy agents. The first synagogue was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Chatham, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 8583 Housing Units (2000): 3165 Land area (2000): 4.965113 sq. miles (12.859584 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003334 sq. miles (0.008636 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.968447 sq. miles (12.868220 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chatham, LA — U.S. town in Louisiana Population (2000): 623 Housing Units (2000): 302 Land area (2000): 0.989134 sq. miles (2.561846 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.163264 sq. miles (0.422853 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.152398 sq. miles (2.984699 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chatham, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 1667 Housing Units (2000): 1886 Land area (2000): 2.654656 sq. miles (6.875528 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.818374 sq. miles (2.119580 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.473030 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chatham, MI — U.S. village in Michigan Population (2000): 231 Housing Units (2000): 116 Land area (2000): 2.637466 sq. miles (6.831005 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.017045 sq. miles (0.044146 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.654511 sq. miles (6.875151 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chatham, NJ — U.S. borough in New Jersey Population (2000): 8460 Housing Units (2000): 3232 Land area (2000): 2.413097 sq. miles (6.249893 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001376 sq. miles (0.003563 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.414473 sq. miles (6.253456 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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