Charterhouse


Charterhouse
/chahr"teuhr hows'/, n., pl. Charterhouses /-how'ziz/.
1. a Carthusian monastery.
2. the hospital and charitable institution founded in London, in 1611, on the site of a Carthusian monastery.
3. the public school into which this hospital was converted.
4. the modern heir of this school, now located in Surrey.
[1400-50; late ME < AF chartrouse (taken as CHARTER + HOUSE), after Chatrousse, village in Dauphiné near which the order was founded; see CARTHUSIAN, whence the first r of the AF word]

* * *

school, Godalming, England, United Kingdom
      a well-known school and charitable foundation that is now in Godalming, Surrey, Eng. The name Charterhouse is a corruption of the French Chartreuse (the location of the first Carthusian monastery). The name is found in various places in England—e.g., Charterhouse in the Mendip Hills, near Cheddar, and, notably the London Charterhouse in the City of London, near Aldersgate—where religious houses of the Carthusian Order had been established in the Middle Ages. After the London Charterhouse was dissolved in 1535, the property changed hands several times until, in 1671, the owner endowed a hospital on the site and bequeathed money for a chapel, hospital (almshouse), and school. Charterhouse school provided an education for poor but scholarly youths. The school was removed in 1872 to Godalming in Surrey. Famous pupils of Charterhouse school include Roger Williams, founder of Rhode Island (U.S.); the literary critic Joseph Addison; Sir Richard Steele; John Wesley; Sir William Blackstone; William Makepeace Thackeray; and Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scout movement.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charterhouse — • From the fact that St. Bruno founded the first house of his austere order at Chartreux, near Grenoble, the institution has ever since been known by the name of that place Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Charterhouse     Ch …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Charterhouse — Char ter*house , n. A well known public school and charitable foundation in the building once used as a Carthusian monastery (Chartreuse) in London. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Charterhouse — great English public school founded in London in 1611, a folk etymology from chartreux (see CHARTREUSE (Cf. chartreuse)); it was founded upon the site of a Carthusian monastery …   Etymology dictionary

  • Charterhouse — [chärt′ər hous΄] n. 1. a boys school in Surrey, England, moved from its orig. location in London that was on the site of a Carthusian monastery 2. Archaic a Carthusian monastery …   English World dictionary

  • Charterhouse — A Charterhouse is a Carthusian monastery. The word is derived from Chartreuse, the first monastery of the order having been established in a valley of the Chartreuse Mountains. It can refer to numerous monasteries: see List of Carthusian… …   Wikipedia

  • Charterhouse — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Charterhouse peut faire référence à : Charterhouse School : une public school située dans le Surrey, en Angleterre Le fonds d investissement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • charterhouse — noun A Carthusian monastery. See Also: Carthusian …   Wiktionary

  • Charterhouse — A *Carthusian monastery …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • CHARTERHOUSE —    a large London school, originally a Carthusian monastery, and for a time a residence of the dukes of Norfolk …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • charterhouse — Carthusian monastic building Ecclesiastical Terms …   Phrontistery dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.