charm


charm
charm1
charmedly /chahr"mid lee/, adv.charmer, n.charmless, adj.charmlessly, adv.
/chahrm/, n.
1. a power of pleasing or attracting, as through personality or beauty: charm of manner; the charm of a mountain lake.
2. a trait or feature imparting this power.
3. charms, attractiveness.
4. a trinket to be worn on a bracelet, necklace, etc.
5. something worn or carried on one's person for its supposed magical effect; amulet.
6. any action supposed to have magical power.
7. the chanting or recitation of a magic verse or formula.
8. a verse or formula credited with magical power.
9. Physics. a quantum number assigned the value +1 for one kind of quark, -1 for its antiquark, and 0 for all other quarks. Symbol: C Cf. charmed quark.
v.t.
10. to delight or please greatly by beauty, attractiveness, etc.; enchant: She charmed us with her grace.
11. to act upon (someone or something) with or as with a compelling or magical force: to charm a bird from a tree.
12. to endow with or protect by supernatural powers.
13. to gain or influence through personal charm: He charmed a raise out of his boss.
v.i.
14. to be fascinating or pleasing.
15. to use charms.
16. to act as a charm.
[1250-1300; ME charme < OF < L carminem, acc. of carmen song, magical formula < *canmen (by dissimilation), equiv. to can(ere) to sing + -men n. suffix]
Syn. 1. attractiveness, allurement. 4. bauble. 5. talisman. 6. enchantment, spell. 8. spell. 10. fascinate, captivate, entrance, enrapture, ravish; allure, bewitch.
charm2
/chahrm/, n. Brit. Dial.
blended singing of birds, children, etc.
[bef. 1000; ME cherm(e), OE cerm, ceorm, var. of ci(e)rm outcry]

* * *

In particle physics, the property or internal quantum number that is conserved in strong and electromagnetic interactions, but not in weak interactions (see strong force, electromagnetic force, weak force).

Charmed particles contain at least one charmed quark; the charm number of these quarks is +1. Charmed antiquarks (see antimatter) have a charm number of -1. The first charmed particle was discovered in 1974.

* * *

      a practice or expression believed to have magic power, similar to an incantation or a spell. Charms are among the earliest examples of written literature. Among the charms written in Old English are those against a dwarf and against the theft of cattle. The word is from the Old French charme and the Latin carmen, “ritual utterance,” “incantation,” or “song.”

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

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