Charing Cross


Charing Cross
/char"ing/
a square and district in central London, England: major railroad terminals.

* * *

      locality in the City of Westminster (Westminster, City of), London. It is situated at the busy intersection of the streets called the Strand and Whitehall, just south of Trafalgar Square. The name derives from the Old English cerring (“a bend in the road” or “a turn”) and refers either to the nearby great bend in the River Thames (Thames, River) or to a bend in the Roman road that ran west from London. There Edward I erected the last of the series of 12 crosses in memory of Queen Eleanor (Eleanor Of Castile) (d. 1290) that marked stages of the funeral procession to Westminster Abbey. The cross was destroyed in 1647, during the English Civil Wars, but a replica was placed (1863) in the forecourt of Charing Cross Station. After the restoration of the English monarchy in 1660, several executions were carried out on the spot where the old cross stood; the site is now marked by an equestrian statue (1633) placed there in 1675 in memory of Charles I, who was executed nearby (at Whitehall) in 1649.

      The railway station was designed by John Hawkshaw (Hawkshaw, Sir John) and opened in 1864. In the late 20th century an office complex was erected above the railway platforms. The Hungerford Railway Bridge (1864), which links the station to southern London, was repaired in the late 1970s.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charing Cross — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross — Road. Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charing Cross — Datos País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charing Cross — For other meanings of Charing Cross, see Charing Cross (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5073°N 0.12755°W / …   Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross — The last of 13 *Eleanor crosses built by Edward I to mark the stopping places of the funeral cortege of Eleanor, his queen. It was where the statue of King Charles I can today be found (in Trafalgar Square), at the head of Whitehall. In the… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Charing Cross — /ˌtʃærɪŋ ˈkrɒs/ (say .charing kros) noun a district in central London …   Australian English dictionary

  • Charing Cross — Char|ing Cross one of the main railway stations in London, which has trains going to southern England …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Charing Cross — Cockney Rhyming Slang Horse …   English dialects glossary

  • Charing Cross —    see Terry Farrell Partnership …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • CHARING CROSS — …   Useful english dictionary