Chambersburg


Chambersburg
/chaym"beuhrz berrg'/, n.
a city in central Pennsylvania. 16,174.

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      borough (town), seat (1784) of Franklin county, southern Pennsylvania, U.S., in the Cumberland Valley, 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Harrisburg. The site was settled in 1730 by Benjamin Chambers, who built sawmills and gristmills and a stockade (Fort Chambers) there for protection against Indians. Laid out in 1764, the name Chambersburg was adopted in 1784. The abolitionist John Brown (Brown, John) maintained his headquarters there while planning his raid in 1859 on Harpers Ferry, Virginia (now in West Virginia) and in late June 1863, General Robert E. Lee (Lee, Robert E.) massed Confederate (American Civil War) troops in Chambersburg for the attack at Gettysburg (Gettysburg, Battle of) (26 miles [42 km] east-southeast) in July. In July 1864 the Confederates burned the town in retaliation for a Union raid into Virginia after Chambersburg citizens had refused to pay an indemnity of $100,000 in gold.

      Situated in a rich farming area (dairy cattle, corn [maize], apples, peaches, and vegetables), Chambersburg also has diversified manufactures, including carpets, rubber, shoes, electronics, crystals, manganese steel, glass, paper products, and clothing. Wilson College was established there in 1869. The Letterkenny Army Depot and Caledonia State Park are nearby. The log cabin in which President James Buchanan (Buchanan, James) was born is near Mercersburg, 15 miles (24 km) southwest. Inc. 1803. Pop. (1990) 16,647; (2000) 17,862.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Chambersburg — Chambersburg, PA U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 17862 Housing Units (2000): 8305 Land area (2000): 6.866653 sq. miles (17.784548 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.866653 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chambersburg, PA — U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 17862 Housing Units (2000): 8305 Land area (2000): 6.866653 sq. miles (17.784548 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.866653 sq. miles (17.784548 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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  • Chambersburg — (spr. tschēm ), Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Franklin in Pennsylvanien, 1764 am Conecocheague Creek (Nebenfluß des Potomac) gegründet, mit College, starker Industrie, Getreidehandel und (1900) 8864 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chambersburg — (spr. tschehmb rsbörg), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Pennsylvanien, (1900) 8864 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chambersburg — 39° 56′ 05″ N 77° 39′ 23″ W / 39.934722, 77.656389 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chambersburg — Original name in latin Chambersburg Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 39.93759 latitude 77.6611 altitude 191 Population 20268 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Chambersburg — Sp Čembersbergas Ap Chambersburg L JAV Franklino apyg. c. (Pensilvanija) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė


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