Cephalonia


Cephalonia
/sef'euh loh"nee euh, -lohn"yeuh/, n.
the largest of the Ionian Islands, off the W coast of Greece. 36,742; 287 sq. mi. (743 sq. km). Greek, Kephallenia.

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Largest of the Ionian Islands, western Greece.

With Ithaca and smaller nearby islands, it forms the Kefallinía department. The mountainous island occupies 302 sq mi (781 sq km) and rises to 5,341 ft (1,628 m) at Mount Aínos. Argostólion, the chief town and a port on the southwestern coast, is the department capital. The island was an important Mycenaean centre, which the Romans seized in 189 BC. In the Middle Ages it was captured by Robert Guiscard. Later it was ruled by various Neapolitan and Venetian families. In 1809 it was taken by the British, then ceded to Greece in 1864. It experienced a devastating earthquake in 1953.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cephalonia — Cephalonia, Insel, so v.w. Cefalonia …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cephalonĭa — Cephalonĭa, s. Kephallinia …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cephalonia — Cephalonĭa, griech. Insel, s.v.w. Kephallenia …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cephalonia — Cephalonia, die größte der jonischen Inseln, 161/2 □M. groß mit 70000 E., fast durchgängig Griechen, welche auf dem gebirgigen Boden Wein, Südfrüchte, Oel, Korinthen bauen; sie sind unternehmende Handelsleute und treffliche Matrosen,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Cephalonia — [sef΄ə lō′nē ə] largest of the Ionian Islands, off the W coast of Greece: 302 sq mi (782 sq km): Gr. name KEFALLINIA …   English World dictionary

  • Cephalonia — or Modern Greek Kefallinía geographical name island W Greece in the Ionians area 288 square miles (746 square kilometers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cephalonia — ceph·a·lo·nia (sef″ə loґne ə) a condition in which the head is abnormally large with sclerotic hyperplasia of the brain …   Medical dictionary

  • CEPHALONIA —    (80), the largest of the Ionian Islands, 30 m. long, the ancient Samos; yields grapes and olive oil …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia


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