centaurial, centaurian, centauric, adj.
/sen"tawr/, n.
1. Class. Myth. one of a race of monsters having the head, trunk, and arms of a man, and the body and legs of a horse.
2. (cap.) Astron. the constellation Centaurus.
3. a skillful horseman or horsewoman.
4. (cap.) Rocketry. a U.S. upper stage, with a restartable liquid-propellant engine, used with an Atlas or Titan booster to launch satellites and probes.
[1325-75; ME, OE < L centaurus < Gk kéntauros]

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In Greek mythology, one of a race of creatures, part horse and part man, living in the mountains of Thessaly and Arcadia.

They were best known for their battle with the Lapiths, occasioned by their attempt to carry off the bride of a Lapith prince. Centaurs were often depicted drawing Dionysus' chariot or ridden by Eros, in reference to their drunken and amorous habits. Their king Chiron, however, was notable for being civilized, gentle, and the tutor of heroes.

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Greek  Kentauros,  
 in Greek mythology, a race of creatures, part horse and part man, dwelling in the mountains of Thessaly and Arcadia. Traditionally they were the offspring of Ixion, king of the neighbouring Lapiths, and were best known for their fight (centauromachy) with the Lapiths, which resulted from their attempt to carry off the bride of Pirithous, son and successor of Ixion. They lost the battle and were driven from Mount Pelion. In later Greek times they were often represented drawing the chariot of the wine god Dionysus or bound and ridden by Eros, the god of love, in allusion to their drunken and amorous habits. Their general character was that of wild, lawless, and inhospitable beings, the slaves of their animal passions. (The Centaur Chiron was not typical in this respect.)

      Centaurs may best be explained as the creation of a folktale in which wild inhabitants of the mountains and savage spirits of the forests were combined in half-human, half-animal form. In early art they were portrayed as human beings in front, with the body and hindlegs of a horse attached to the back; later, they were men only as far as the waist. They fought using rough branches of trees as weapons.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • centaur — centaur; hip·po·centaur; ono·centaur; …   English syllables

  • CENTAUR — Связать? Вездеходы амфибии CENTAUR. Модели: V2001G, V2001D V2001DT. Технические характеристики Кузов: Вакуум формованное днище и полностандартный трелевочный щит, формованный из полиэтилена высокой плотно …   Википедия

  • Centaur — Centaur, 1) (Myth.), fabelhaftes Geschöpf, halb Mensch, halb Pferd; sie waren Nachkommen des Kentauros, eines Sohnes des Apollo u. der Stilbe, Bruders des Lapithes; nach Andern Söhne des, in Heres Gestalt von Zeus geschaffenen Wolkenbildes… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • centaur — [sen′tôr΄] n. [ME < L Centaurus < Gr Kentauros] Gr. Myth. any of a race of monsters with a man s head, trunk, and arms, and a horse s body and legs any of a race of monsters with a man s head, trunk, and arms, and a horse s body and legs… …   English World dictionary

  • Centaur — Cen taur (s[e^]n t[add]r), n. [L. centaurus, Gr. Ke ntayros.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Class. Myth.) A fabulous being, represented as half man and half horse. [1913 Webster] 2. (Astron.) A constellation in the southern heavens between Hydra and the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Centaur — (Centaurus), großes Sternbild am südlichen Himmel, enthält zwei Sterne erster und zwei zweiter Größe. Der hellste Stern derselben (α) ist der unserm Sonnensystem nächste Stern; seine Parallaxe beträgt nach Gill und Elkin 0,8 , wonach seine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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