cathedra


cathedra
/keuh thee"dreuh, kath"i-/, n., pl. cathedrae /-dree, -dree'/.
1. the seat or throne of a bishop in the principal church of a diocese.
2. an official chair, as of a professor in a university.
3. an ancient Roman chair used by women, having an inclined, curved back and curved legs flaring outward: the Roman copy of the Greek klismos.
[1625-35; < L < Gk kathédra, deriv. of kathézomai to sit down; see CAT-, SIT; cf. CHAIR]

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chair
      (Latin: “chair,” or “seat”), Roman chair of heavy structure derived from the klismos—a lighter, more delicate chair developed by the ancient Greeks.

      The cathedra was used in the early Christian basilica as a raised bishop's throne placed near the wall of the apse, behind the altar. Later, a bishop's principal church, or seat, within his diocese was designated a cathedral. The term ex cathedra (“from the seat, or throne”) was used in Roman Catholicism to distinguish solemn pronouncements by the pope on matters of faith or morals and therefore binding on the laity.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cathedra — • Three uses of the word are detailed Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cathedra     Cathedra     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cathedra — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Cathedra Clasificación científica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cathedra — Cath e*dra, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? seat. See {Chair}.] The official chair or throne of a bishop, or of any person in high authority. [1913 Webster] {Ex cathedra} [L., from the chair], in the exercise of one s office; with authority. [1913 Webster] The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cathedra — (Kathedra), der bischöfliche Stuhl; daher heißt eine Kirche, in der eine Cathedra steht (die Hauptkirche eines Bistums), Kathedrale …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • cáthedra — V. «ex cáthedra» …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cathedra —   [griechisch lateinisch »Sessel«] die, /...drae, Bischofsstuhl.   * * * Ca|the|dra [ ka:tedra], die; , ...rae [...rɛ; lat. cathedra ↑Katheder]: 1. [Lehr]stuhl. 2. Ehrensitz, bes. eines Bischofs od. des Papstes: C. Sancti Petri (der Päpstliche… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cathedra (ex) — (èks ka té dra) Mots latins qui veulent dire de la chaire (voy. chaire), et dont on se sert pour désigner les paroles dogmatiques de l enseignement ecclésiastique ou de tout autre enseignement. Le pape parle ex cathedra lorsqu il publie un décret …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • cathedra — seat of a bishop in his church, from L. cathedra (see CATHEDRAL (Cf. cathedral)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • cathedra — [kath′i drə, kə thē′drə] n. [L, a chair, office of a teacher (in LL(Ec), of a bishop) < Gr kathedra, a seat, bench < kata , down + hedra, a seat < hezesthai, SIT] 1. the throne of a bishop in a cathedral 2. the episcopal see 3. any seat… …   English World dictionary

  • Cathĕdra — (v. gr.), 1) Katheder; 2) tragbarer Sessel, Sänfte …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cathedra — (griech. lat.), Sessel, Lehnstuhl, Katheder; auch Bischofsitz. C. Petri, der Stuhl Petri oder der päpstliche Stuhl …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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