/keuh taw"beuh/, n.1. a Siouan language of North and South Carolina.2. a river flowing from W North Carolina into South Carolina, where it becomes the Wateree River. Cf. Wateree.3. Hort.a. a reddish variety of grape.b. the vine bearing this fruit, grown in the eastern U.S.4. a light, dry, white wine made from this grape.[1710-20, Amer.; appar. ult. < Catawba (yí) kátapu a village name, lit., (people of) the fork; perh. via Shawnee kata·pa]
* * *North American Indian people of South Carolina, U.S. The meaning of the name Catawba, which seems to have been applied after European contact to several small bands of peoples in the region of the Catawba River, is unknown.The peoples first encountered by Hernando de Soto subsisted principally by farming, harvesting corn, beans, squash, and gourds. Fish and birds were also staples of their diet. They traded bowls, baskets, and mats to other native groups and, later, to colonists. Each village was governed by a council presided over by a chief. After contact with European settlers, disease and other factors diminished their numbers rapidly. In the 2000 U.S. census some 1,700 people identified themselves as of sole Catawba descent.
* * *▪ peopleNorth American Indian tribe of Siouan (Siouan languages) language stock who inhabited the territory around the Catawba River in what are now the U.S. states of North and South Carolina. Their principal village was on the west side of the river in north-central South Carolina. They were known among English colonial traders as Flatheads because, like a number of other tribes of the Southeast, they practiced ritual head flattening on male infants.Traditional Catawba villages consisted of bark-covered cabins and a temple for public gatherings and religious ceremonies. Each village was governed by a council presided over by a chief. They subsisted principally by farming, harvesting two or more crops of corn (maize) each year and growing several varieties of beans, squash, and gourds. In most Southeast Indian cultures the farming was done by the women, but among the Catawba it was the men who farmed. A plentiful supply of passenger pigeons (passenger pigeon) served as winter food. The Catawba made bowls, baskets, and mats, which they traded to other tribes and Europeans for meat and skins. Fish was also a staple of their diet; they caught sturgeon and herring using weirs, snares, and long poles.In the 17th century the Catawba numbered about 5,000. As the Spanish, English, and French competed to colonize the Carolinas, the Catawba became virtual satellites of the various colonial factions. Their numbers fell off rapidly; in 1738 approximately half the tribe was wiped out in a smallpox epidemic, and by 1780 there were only an estimated 500 Catawba left. They were allies of the English in the Tuscarora War (1711–13) and in the French and Indian War (1754–63), but they aided the colonists in the American Revolution.Late 21st-century population estimates indicated more than 2,500 Catawba descendants.
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Catawba — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Distribución originaria de los Catawba Los catawba son una tribu amerindia que habla una de las lenguas siux catawba, cuyo nombre proviene del choctaw katapa separado o dividido , pero que se autodenominan Yeh is wah … Wikipedia Español
Catawba — may refer to several things:*Catawba (tribe), a Native American tribe *Catawban languagesBotany*Catalpa, a genus of trees, based on the name used by the Catawba and other Native American tribes *Catawba (grape), a variety of grape *Catawba… … Wikipedia
Catawba — 1913 Catawba Die ursprünglichen Catawba (Eigenname Iy … Deutsch Wikipedia
Catawba — Catawba, NC U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 698 Housing Units (2000): 285 Land area (2000): 2.286211 sq. miles (5.921259 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.056293 sq. miles (0.145799 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.342504 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Catawba, NC — U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 698 Housing Units (2000): 285 Land area (2000): 2.286211 sq. miles (5.921259 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.056293 sq. miles (0.145799 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.342504 sq. miles (6.067058 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Catawba, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 312 Housing Units (2000): 112 Land area (2000): 0.255479 sq. miles (0.661688 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.255479 sq. miles (0.661688 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Catawba, WI — U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 149 Housing Units (2000): 79 Land area (2000): 4.455550 sq. miles (11.539820 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.455550 sq. miles (11.539820 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Catawba — Ca*taw ba, n. 1. A well known light red variety of American grape. [1913 Webster] 2. A light colored, sprightly American wine from the Catawba grape. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Catawba — [kə tɔːbə], Indianerstamm in South Carolina, USA. Sie kämpften aufseiten der Engländer (1711) und im Yamassee War (1715) gegen diese. Durch eine Niederlage gegen die Seneca der Irokesenliga (1737) und eine nachfolgende Pockenepidemie wurden sie … Universal-Lexikon
Catawba — [kə tô′bə, kətä′bə] n. [Shawnee kataapa < Catawba (yín ) kátapu, village name, lit., (people of) the fork] 1. a member of a North American Indian people now living in N South Carolina 2. the Siouan language of this people 3. [often c ] a) a… … English World dictionary
Catawba — (spr. Katauwa), 1) Fluß in den Staaten Nord u. Süd Carolina (Vereinigte Staaten von Nordamerika), entspringt auf der Blue Ridge in der Grafschaft Burke in Nord Carolina, nimmt bei Rocky Mount den Namen Wateree an u. vereinigt sich nach einem… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon