cassava


cassava
/keuh sah"veuh/, n.
1. any of several tropical American plants belonging to the genus Manihot, of the spurge family, as M. esculenta (bitter cassava) and M. dulcis (sweet cassava), cultivated for their tuberous roots, which yield important food products.
2. a nutritious starch from the roots, the source of tapioca.
[1545-55; < Sp cazabe cassava bread or meal < Taino caçábi]

* * *

or manioc or yuca

Tuberous edible perennial plant (Manihot esculenta) of the spurge family, from the New World tropics.

It is cultivated for its tuberous roots, from which cassava flour, breads, tapioca, a laundry starch, and an alcoholic beverage are derived. It has conspicuous, almost palmate (fan-shaped) leaves and fleshy roots. Different varieties range from low herbs through many-branched shrubs to slender, unbranched trees adapted to diverse habitats.

* * *

plant
also called  Manioc, Mandioc, or Yuca 

      (Manihot esculenta), tuberous edible plant of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae) from the American tropics. It is cultivated throughout the tropical world for its tuberous roots, from which cassava flour, breads, tapioca, a laundry starch, and even an alcoholic beverage are derived. Cassava probably was first cultivated by the Maya in Yucatán.

      A cyanide-producing sugar derivative occurs in varying amounts in most varieties. Primitive peoples developed a complex refining system to remove the poison by grating, pressing, and heating the tubers. The poison (hydrocyanic acid) has been used for darts and arrows.

      An extremely variable species, cassava probably is a hybrid. It is a perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate (fan-shaped) leaves resembling those of the castor bean but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. The fleshy roots are reminiscent of dahlia tubers. Different varieties range from low herbs through many-branched, 1-metre- (3-foot-) tall shrubs to slender, unbranched 5-m trees. Some are adapted to dry areas of alkaline soil and others to acid mudbanks along rivers.

      All the approximately 160 species of the genus Manihot are sun-loving natives of tropical America. Ceará rubber is produced from M. glaziovii, from northeastern Brazil. Food items such as the gelatinous fufu of West Africa and the bami mush of Jamaica come from cassava. Additional cassava products include an alcoholic beverage made by Indians in South America, the powdery casabe cakes of Yucatán, and tapioca, the only cassava product on northern markets.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:
(crude),


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cassava — Leaves(Also known as Tapioca in Kerala India) A manioc tuber …   Wikipedia

  • Cassava — Cas sa*va (k[a^]s s[.a]*v[.a]), n. [F. cassave, Sp. cazabe, fr. kasabi, in the language of Haiti.] 1. (Bot.) A shrubby euphorbiaceous plant of the genus {Manihot}, with fleshy rootstocks yielding an edible starch; called also {manioc}. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cassava — Cassava, Dieses Gewächs, welches für die Indianerstämme Amerika s, so wie für die Bewohner im Innern von Afrika, von gleicher Wichtigkeit ist, wie für den Europäer unsere Getreidearten, hat Südamerika zum Vaterlande, ist unter dem Namen eßbare… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Cassava — Cassava, s. Kassawa …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • cassava — 1560s, from Port. cassave, from Taino (Haiti) caçabi. Earlier in English as cazabbi (1550s) …   Etymology dictionary

  • cassava — ► NOUN ▪ the starchy tuberous root of a tropical American tree, used as food. ORIGIN from Taino (an extinct Caribbean language) …   English terms dictionary

  • cassava — [kə sä′və] n. [Fr cassave < Sp cazabe < Taino casávi, cazábbi] 1. any of several tropical American plants, shrubs, and trees (genus Manihot, esp. M. esculenta) of the spurge family, having edible, starchy roots 2. this root or a starch… …   English World dictionary

  • Cassava — Les entreprises Cassava (Gibraltar) Ltd. société anonyme sont une société exploitant plusieurs sites Web de jeu très en vue. Les entreprises Cassava siègent et gèrent leurs différentes opérations conformément aux lois du Gibraltar. Ces… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cassava — Maniok Maniok (M. esculenta), Wurzelknollen nach der Ernte. Systematik Klasse: Dreifurchenpolle …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cassava — [[t]kəsɑ͟ːvə[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT Cassava is a South American plant with thick roots. It is grown for food. Syn: manioc 2) N UNCOUNT Cassava is a substance that comes from the root of the cassava plant and is used to make flour …   English dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.