cartridge


cartridge
/kahr"trij/, n.
1. Also called cartouche. a cylindrical case of pasteboard, metal, or the like, for holding a complete charge of powder, and often also the bullet or the shot for a rifle, machine gun, or other small arm.
2. a case containing any explosive charge, as for blasting.
3. any small container for powder, liquid, or gas, made for ready insertion into some device or mechanism: an ink cartridge for a pen.
4. Also called magazine. Photog. a lightproof metal or plastic container for a roll of film, usually containing both the supply and take-up spools, as well as a pressure plate, for rapid loading without the necessity of threading the film.
5. Audio. pickup (def. 8).
6. a flat, compact container enclosing an endless loop of audiotape, operated by inserting into a slot in a player.
[1570-80; earlier cartage, cartrage, alter. of CARTOUCHE]

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      in weaponry, unit of small-arms ammunition, composed of a metal (usually brass) case, a propellant charge, a projectile or bullet, and a primer. The first cartridges, appearing in the second half of the 16th century, consisted merely of charges of powder wrapped in paper; the ball was loaded separately. During the next century, methods of including the ball with the powder were devised. In muzzle-loading a musket, the soldier bit off the end of the paper cartridge, poured a small amount of the powder into the firing pan, poured the rest down the barrel, and rammed the ball and paper down after it.

      The breech-loading rifle and various multishot weapons of the 19th century made possible loading the entire cartridge as a unit; many varieties were developed, using paper, linen, animal tissue, collodion, metal, rubber, and other materials. All required an external spark to ignite the propellant. In 1847 a Paris gunsmith, B. Houllier, patented the first cartridge, capable of being fired by the blow of the gun's hammer. In one type, a pin was driven into the cartridge by the hammer action; in the other, a primer charge of fulminate of mercury was exploded in the cartridge rim. Later improvements changed the point of impact from the rim to the centre of the cartridge, where a percussion cap was inserted. The cartridge with a percussion cap, or cup, centred on the base of the cartridge—centre-fire—predominated in all larger calibres, but rimfire cartridges remain popular in small-bore, low-powered ammunition, e.g., .22 calibre. Smokeless nitrocellulose powder replaced black powder as the propellant in the late 19th century.

      Also in the 19th century, the round ball was replaced by the elongated, or cylindroconoidal, Minié ball, as it was commonly called, with a cavity in the base that expanded on explosion of the charge to engage the rifling threads in the gun barrel. Shotgun cartridges are made of paper or plastic instead of brass.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cartridge — Car tridge (k[aum]r tr[i^]j), n. [Formerly cartrage, corrupted fr. F. cartouche. See {Cartouch}.] (Mil.) A complete charge for a firearm, contained in, or held together by, a case, capsule, or shell of metal, pasteboard, or other material. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cartridge — can refer to: *Cartridge (electronics), a module to be inserted into a larger piece of equipment *4 track cartridge, an analogue music storage format popular from the late 1950s to the early 1970s *8 track cartridge, an analogue music storage… …   Wikipedia

  • Cartridge — bezeichnet: Steckmodul, ein in elektronische Geräte einsetzbares Bauteil mit festem Gehäuse oder nur das Gehäuse selbst Modul (Computerspiele), häufige Einsatzform im Endkonsumentenbereich 8 Spur Kassette, eine Audiocassette mit nur einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cartridge — [kär′trij] n. [altered < CARTOUCHE] 1. a cylindrical case of cardboard, metal, etc. containing the charge and primer, and usually the projectile, for a firearm 2. any of various small containers, holding a supply of material for a larger… …   English World dictionary

  • cartridge — 1570s, cartage, corruption of Fr. cartouche a full charge for a pistol (16c.), from It. cartoccio roll of paper, an augmentive form of M.L. carta paper (see CARD (Cf. card) (n.)). The notion is of a roll of paper containing a charge for a firearm …   Etymology dictionary

  • cartridge — (izg. kȇrtridž) m DEFINICIJA inform. kaseta koja predstavlja dodatni modul, utiče se u neki sklop (tinta za pisač, igra na konzolama i sl.) ETIMOLOGIJA engl …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • cartridge — ► NOUN 1) a container holding a spool of film, a quantity of ink, or other item or substance, designed for insertion into a mechanism. 2) a casing containing a charge and a bullet or shot for small arms or an explosive charge for blasting. ORIGIN …   English terms dictionary

  • Cartridge — I Cartridge   [englisch, kɑːtrɪdʒ; wörtlich »Patrone«], 1) steckbares Modul zur externen Datenspeicherung für digitale elektronische Geräte wie Computer, Synthesizer, Drum Computer oder Sequenzer. Es handelt sich um komfortable schnelle… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cartridge — Synonyms and related words: Gramophone, PA, PA system, Victrola, audio sound system, audiophile, backing, ball cartridge, bibliofilm, binaural system, bipack, bitch box, black and white film, blank cartridge, bullhorn, cartouche, cassette,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • cartridge — car|tridge [ˈka:trıdʒ US ˈka:r ] n [Date: 1600 1700; Origin: cartage cartridge (16 17 centuries), from French cartouche gun cartridge with a paper case , from Italian cartoccio, from carta; CARD1] 1.) a small container or piece of equipment that… …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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