/kahr nee"euh deez'/, n.214?-129? B.C., Greek philosopher.
* * *▪ Greek philosopherborn 214?, BCdied 129?Greek philosopher who headed the New Academy at Athens when antidogmatic Skepticism reached its greatest strength.A native of Cyrene (now in Libya), Carneades went in 155 BC on a diplomatic mission to Rome, where he delivered two public orations, in which he argued in favour of justice in one speech and argued against it in the other. This arguing on both sides of a question expressed Carneades' attitude of suspending judgment, an attitude characteristic of academic, or antidogmatic, skepticism. The facility Carneades displayed in this regard helped arouse the first Roman interest in Greek philosophy, while also arousing the distrust of the Roman authorities.Ultimately, Carneades' noncommittal attitude was rooted in his denial that there exists any certain knowledge, either of the senses or of the intellect. In this spirit, he criticized both Epicurean and stoic beliefs as inconclusive. Many of his arguments on this point later attained classic status. Carneades also defended the philosopher Arcesilaus against the stoics and Epicureans in the controversy over knowledge. Because no reliable criterion of truth exists, Carneades argued, Arcesilaus was right to urge the withholding of assent from any experience that claimed to be knowledge. Though Carneades left no writings, his teachings were preserved by Cleitomachus.
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Carneades — (c. 214–129 BC) The most prominent member of the later Academy after Arcesilaus . Carneades was a distinguished sceptic, famous (especially through the report by Cicero ) for impressive speeches at Rome on two successive days in either 155 or 156 … Philosophy dictionary
CARNEADES — I. CARNEADES Cyrenaeus, novae seu tertiae Academiae princeps, Chrysippi maxime studiosus, de quo Gellius, itemque Plin. l. 25. c. 5. ait, scripturum adversus Zenonis Stoici libros superiora capitis helleborô candidô pur gâsse, ne quid ex… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Carneades — See Sceptics ( … History of philosophy
Carnéades — (Karneádēs) ► (214 129 a C) Filósofo griego de Cirene. Dirigió sus teorías contra los epicúreos y los estoicos … Enciclopedia Universal
CARNEADES — a Greek philosopher, born at Cyrene; his whole philosophy a polemic against the dogmatism of the Stoics, on the alleged ground of the absence of any criterion of certainty in matters of either science or morality; conceded that truth and… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Carneades — /kahr nee euh deez /, n. 214? 129? B.C., Greek philosopher … Useful english dictionary
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