caribou


caribou
/kar"euh booh'/, n., pl. caribous, (esp. collectively) caribou.
any of several large, North American deer of the genus Rangifer, related to the reindeer of the Old World.
[1665-75, Amer.; < CanF caribou, r. earlier E caribo, both < Micmac galipu deriv. (agent n.) of galipi- shovel snow < Proto-Algonquian *maka·lipi-; called the snow-shoveler from its habit of scraping aside snow with its front hoofs in search of food]

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Arctic deer (Rangifer tarandus) of the tundra, taiga, and forests, native to North America and northern Eurasia from Scandinavia to eastern Siberia.

Both sexes have antlers. Caribou stand 2.3–4.6 ft (0.7–1.4 m) tall at the shoulder and weigh up to 660 lbs (300 kg); domesticated races are about the size of donkeys. They are usually grayish or brownish with lighter underparts but may be whitish or nearly black. Their herds are famous for their seasonal migration between summer and winter ranges. Their staple winter food is a lichen, popularly called reindeer moss, which they reach by scraping the snow away with their feet. In summer they also eat grasses and saplings. See also reindeer.

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      city, Aroostook county, northeastern Maine, U.S. It lies along the Aroostook River, near the New Brunswick border, 13 miles (21 km) north of Presque Isle. Settled in 1824, it developed as a lumbering centre and was incorporated in 1859 as Lyndon. It was renamed Caribou in 1877 for the woodland caribou once plentiful in the region. The city is the shipping point for a large potato-growing region. Light industries produce potato-packing bags, automotive electronic control devices, and custom steel products. It serves as a gateway to Maine's Great North Woods and the Allagash outdoor recreation area. Caribou's Nylander Museum houses Indian artifacts, minerals, and geologic items collected by the Swedish-born naturalist and geologist Olaf Nylander. Caribou was the departure point for the first solo transatlantic balloon flight (1984). Inc. city, 1968. Pop. (1990) 9,415; (2000) 8,312.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caribou — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • caribou — [ karibu ] n. m. • 1607; mot canadien, de l algonquin « qui creuse avec une pelle », parce qu il creuse la neige pour trouver sa nourriture ♦ Renne du Canada (cervidés). Des caribous. ● caribou nom masculin (mot algonquin) Nom canadien du renne.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Caribou — steht für Ren, die nordamerikanische Bezeichnung für das Tier Eisbrecher (Getränk), alkoholhaltiges Heißgetränk De Havilland Canada DHC 4, ein Transportflugzeug Caribou (Musiker), das Pseudonym des Musikers Daniel V. Snaith Caribou (Album), ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caribou — Caribou, CA U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 0 Housing Units (2000): 2 Land area (2000): 0.169139 sq. miles (0.438068 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.169139 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Caribou — Car i*bou (k[a^]r [i^]*b[=oo]), n. [Canadian French.] (Zo[ o]l.) The American reindeer, especially the common or woodland species ({Rangifer Caribou}). [1913 Webster] {Barren Ground caribou}. See under {Barren}. {Woodland caribou}, the common… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • caribou — ou cariboux (ca ri bou) s. m. Terme de zoologie. Nom donné au renne par les habitants du Canada. •   Les caribous et les orignaux de l Amérique septentrionale ont leur temps de migrations, CHATEAUB. Génie. I, V, 9. SUPPLÉMENT AU DICTIONNAIRE… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Caribou, CA — U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 0 Housing Units (2000): 2 Land area (2000): 0.169139 sq. miles (0.438068 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.169139 sq. miles (0.438068 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Caribou, ME — U.S. city in Maine Population (2000): 8312 Housing Units (2000): 3858 Land area (2000): 79.291462 sq. miles (205.363935 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.887315 sq. miles (2.298135 sq. km) Total area (2000): 80.178777 sq. miles (207.662070 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • caribou — 1660s, from Canadian Fr. caribou, from Micmac (Algonquian) kaleboo, lit. pawer, scratcher, from its kicking snow aside to feed on moss and grass, or a related Algonquian name …   Etymology dictionary

  • caribou — ☆ caribou [kar′ə bo͞o΄ ] n. pl. caribous or caribou [CdnFr < Algonquian] any of several large North American reindeer …   English World dictionary

  • caribou — CARIBOU. substant. mas. Animal sauvage du Canada, dont on mange la chair …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798


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