carbon steel


carbon steel
steel owing its properties principally to its carbon content; ordinary, unalloyed steel.
[1900-05]

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Alloy of iron and carbon in which the carbon content may range from less than 0.

015% to slightly more than 2%. Adding this tiny amount of carbon produces a material that exhibits great strength, hardness, and other valuable mechanical properties. Carbon steels account for about 90% of the world's steel production. They are used extensively for automobile bodies, appliances, machinery, ships, containers, and the structures of buildings. Carbon steel, formerly made by the Bessemer, crucible, or open-hearth process, is now made by the basic oxygen process, or by an arc furnace.

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      metal manufactured from the elements iron and carbon, with the carbon imparting hardness and strength and determining the degree to which such physical properties exist. See steel.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carbon steel — Steel deriving its qualities from carbon chiefly, without the presence of other alloying elements; opposed to {alloy steel}. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carbon steel — Carbon steel. См. Углеродистая сталь. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Carbon steel — Iron alloy phases Ferrite (α iron, δ iron) Austenite (γ iron) Pearlite (88% ferrite, 12% cementite) …   Wikipedia

  • carbon steel — See high carbon steel low carbon steel …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • carbon steel — anglinis plienas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Nelegiruotas plienas, kuriame be anglies yra gamybos metu patekusių Mn, Si, S ir P priemaišų. atitikmenys: angl. carbon steel; common steel; not alloyed steel rus. углеродистая сталь …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • carbon steel — noun steel whose characteristics are determined by the amount of carbon it contains • Hypernyms: ↑steel • Hyponyms: ↑drill steel, ↑drill rod, ↑eutectoid steel, ↑hyper eutectoid steel, ↑hypo eutectoid steel …   Useful english dictionary

  • carbon steel — a steel whose properties are determined primarily by the amount of carbon present. Apart from iron and carbon, manganese up to 1.5% may be present as well as residual amounts of alloying elements such as nickel, chromium, molybdenum, etc. It is… …   Mechanics glossary

  • carbon steel — car′bon steel′ n. steel owing its properties principally to its carbon content; ordinary, unalloyed steel …   From formal English to slang

  • carbon steel — noun steel in which the main alloying element is carbon, and whose properties depend on the percentage of carbon present …   English new terms dictionary

  • carbon steel — /ˈkabən stil/ (say kahbuhn steel) noun steel whose hardness and other properties are determined by the quantity of carbon in it …   Australian English dictionary


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