- carbonic anhydrase
/an huy"drays, -drayz/, Biochem.an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible combination of carbon dioxide with water in red blood cells.[1835-45; ANHYDR- + -ASE]
* * *▪ enzymeenzyme found in red blood cells, gastric mucosa, pancreatic cells, and renal tubules that catalyzes the interconversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbonic acid (H2CO3). Carbonic anhydrase plays an important role in respiration by influencing CO2 transport in the blood. The enzyme also functions in the formation of hydrochloric acid by the stomach.
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См. также в других словарях:
Carbonic anhydrase II — (gene name CA2), is one of fourteen forms of human α carbonic anhydrases. Carbonic anhydrase catalyzes reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. Defects in this enzyme are associated with osteopetrosis and renal tubular acidosis [cite web | title … Wikipedia
carbonic anhydrase — carbonic anhydrase. См. карбоангидраза. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
Carbonic anhydrase — The carbonic anhydrases (or carbonate dehydratases) form a family of enzymes that catalyze the rapid conversion of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate and protons, a reaction that occurs rather slowly in the absence of a catalyst.cite journal | author … Wikipedia
carbonic anhydrase — carbonic an·hy·drase an hī .drās, .drāz n a zinc containing enzyme that occurs in living tissues (as red blood cells) and aids carbon dioxide transport from the tissues and its release from the blood in the lungs by catalyzing the reversible… … Medical dictionary
carbonic anhydrase II — (CAII) An enzyme present in erythrocytes which catalyses the formation of carbonic acid by water and carbon dioxide, and also the decomposition of carbonic acid … Forensic science glossary
carbonic anhydrase — noun Etymology: anhydrous + ase; from its promotion of dehydration Date: 1932 a zinc containing enzyme that occurs in living tissues (as red blood cells) and aids carbon dioxide transport from the tissues and its release from the blood in the… … New Collegiate Dictionary
carbonic anhydrase — /kaˌbɒnɪk ænˈhaɪdreɪz/ (say kah.bonik an huydrayz) noun an enzyme which catalyses the equilibrium between carbonic acid and water plus carbon dioxide; important in carbon dioxide transport and pH control in mammals … Australian English dictionary
carbonic anhydrase — noun : a zinc containing enzyme occurring in living tissues (as red blood cells) that accelerates in either direction the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide to carbonic acid and thereby aids carbon dioxide transport from the tissues and its… … Useful english dictionary
carbonic anhydrase — noun Any of a group of enzymes that catalyze the conversion of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate … Wiktionary
Carbonic anhydrase III, muscle specific — Carbonic anhydrase III, muscle specific, also known as CA3, is a human gene. PBB Summary section title = summary text = Carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII) is a member of a multigene family (at least six separate genes are known) that encode carbonic… … Wikipedia