carbine


carbine
/kahr"been, -buyn/, n.
1. a light, gas-operated semiautomatic rifle.
2. (formerly) a short rifle used in the cavalry.
[1595-1605; earlier carabine < MF: small harquebus, weapon borne by a carabin a lightly armed cavalryman, compared with (e)scarabin gravedigger for plague victims ( < Pr, akin to F escarbot cockchafer, dung beetle L scarabaeus SCARAB), though semantic change is unclear]

* * *

Light, short-barreled rifle.

The first carbines, from the muzzle-loading muskets of the 18th century to the lever-action repeaters of the 19th, were chiefly cavalry weapons or saddle firearms for mounted frontiersmen. During World War II carbine versions of standard bolt-action or semiautomatic infantry rifles were carried by some officers, artillerymen, and other specialists. Carbine versions of modern assault rifles (such as the Russian AK-47 or the U.S. M16 rifle) are intended for close-quarter fighting, partly replacing the submachine gun. Carbine versions of hunting and target rifles are also made.

* * *

weapon
      light, short-barrelled musket or rifle. The word, the source of which is obscure, seems to have originated in the late or mid-16th century. The carbine, in various versions corresponding to the different full-sized military arms, was chiefly a cavalry weapon until the 18th century. Then some unmounted officers, artillerymen, and other specialists began to carry carbines. By the 1980s the trend toward general use of light assault rifles (e.g., the Soviet AK-47 or the U.S. M16) was making the carbine obsolete as a military weapon. However, its light weight and short length had long made it a popular sporting arm for hunting in heavy brush and also as a scabbard weapon for horseback use.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carbine —   [lateinisch],    1) Bezeichnung für die Moleküle einer Kohlenstoffmodifikation, bestehend aus C Ketten mit abwechselnden Einfach und Dreifachbindungen, »Polyacetylene«, (C ≡ C )n. Carbine wurden u. a. in Kometen und planetarischem Nebeln… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Carbine — Car bine, n. [F. carbine, OF. calabrin carabineer (cf. Ot. calabrina a policeman), fr. OF & Pr. calabre, OF. cable, chable, an engine of war used in besieging, fr. LL. chadabula, cabulus, a kind of projectile machine, fr. Gr. ? a throwing down,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carbine — index gun Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • carbine — 1580s, from Fr. carabine, used of light horsemen and also of the weapon they carried, perhaps from M.L. Calabrinus Calabrian (i.e., rifle made in Calabria ). One far fetched theory connects it to O.Fr. escarrabin corpse bearer during the plague,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • carbine — ► NOUN 1) a light automatic rifle. 2) historical a short rifle or musket used by cavalry. ORIGIN French carabine, from carabin mounted musketeer …   English terms dictionary

  • carbine — [kär′bīn΄, kär′bēn΄] n. [Fr carabine < carabin, mounted rifleman < OFr escarrabin, corpse bearer during the plague (lit., prob. “carrion beetle,” used as epithet for archers from Flanders) < scarabée: see SCARAB] 1. a rifle with a short… …   English World dictionary

  • Carbine — A carbine is a firearm similar to a rifle or musket, but generally shorter and of lesser power. Many carbines, especially modern designs, were developed from rifles, being essentially shortened versions of full rifles firing the same ammunition,… …   Wikipedia

  • Carbine — Recorded in several forms including Carabine, Carbin, Carbine, Carben, Carbon (English), Carabin, Carabina (France), Carabini (Italian and Spanish), and others, this is a surname of appatently French origins. It is claimed to describe a horse… …   Surnames reference

  • carbine — UK [ˈkɑː(r)baɪn] / US [ˈkɑrˌbaɪn] noun [countable] Word forms carbine : singular carbine plural carbines a short light rifle …   English dictionary

  • carbine — [[t]kɑ͟ː(r)baɪn, AM bi͟ːn[/t]] carbines N COUNT A carbine is a light automatic rifle …   English dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.