caraway


caraway
/kar"euh way'/, n.
1. a plant, Carum carvi, of the parsley family, native to Europe, having finely divided leaves and umbels of white or pinkish flowers.
2. Also called caraway seed. the aromatic seedlike fruit of this plant, used in cooking and medicine.
[1325-75; ME car(a)wai, var. of carwy < ML carui < Ar karawiya Gk káron caraway]

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Dried fruit, commonly called the seed, of Carum carvi, a biennial herb of the parsley family.

Native to Europe and western Asia, it has been cultivated since ancient times. It has a distinctive aroma and a warm, slightly sharp taste. It is used as a seasoning, and the oil is used to flavor alcoholic beverages and as a medicine.

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herb
      the dried fruit, commonly called seed, of Carum carvi, a biennial herb of the parsley family (Apiaceae, or Umbelliferae), native to Europe and western Asia and cultivated since ancient times. Caraway has a distinctive aroma reminiscent of anise and a warm, slightly sharp taste. It is used as a seasoning in meat dishes, breads, and cheese and in such vegetables as sauerkraut and cabbage. Caraway of The Netherlands has traditionally had a reputation for high quality.

      The plant has finely cut leaves and compound umbels of small white flowers. The fruit, or seed, light to dark brown in colour, is a crescent about 0.2 inch (5 mm) long with five prominent longitudinal dorsal ridges.

      The essential oil content is about 5 percent; d-carvone and d-limonene are the principal components. The oil is used to flavour alcoholic beverages, notably aquavit and kümmel, and in medicine as an aromatic stimulant and carminative.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Caraway, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 1349 Housing Units (2000): 606 Land area (2000): 2.320450 sq. miles (6.009937 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.320450 sq. miles (6.009937 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Caraway — Car a*way (k[a^]r [.a]*w[asl]), n. [F. carvi (cf. Sp. carvi and al caravea, al carahueya, Pg. al caravia) fr. Ar. karaw[=i][=a], karw[=i][=a] fr. Gr. ka ron; cf. L. careum.] 1. (Bot.) A biennial plant of the Parsley family ({Carum Carui}). The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • caraway — [kar′ə wā΄] n. [ME carawai < (? via ML carvi < OSp alcarahueya < Ar al karawiyā < ? Gr karon, caraway] 1. a white flowered biennial herb (Carum carvi) of the umbel family, with spicy, strong smelling seeds 2. the seeds, used as a… …   English World dictionary

  • caraway — late 13c., from O.Sp. alcarahuaya, from Arabic al karawiya, of unknown origin. Suspected to be somehow from Gk. karon cumin …   Etymology dictionary

  • caraway — ► NOUN ▪ the seeds of a plant of the parsley family, used for flavouring. ORIGIN Latin carui, probably ultimately from Greek karon cumin …   English terms dictionary

  • caraway — car·a·way kar ə .wā n 1) a biennial usu. white flowered aromatic herb (Carum carvi) of the carrot family (Umbelliferae) with pungent fruits 2) the fruit of caraway that is used in cookery and confectionery and is the source of caraway oil called… …   Medical dictionary

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