capriccio


capriccio
/keuh pree"chee oh'/; It. /kah prddeet"chaw/, n., pl. capriccios, capricci /-chee/.
1. Music. a composition in a free, irregular style.
2. a caper; prank.
3. a whim; caprice.
[1595-1605; < It, perh. a shortening of caporiccio head with bristling hair]

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music
Italian“caprice”

      lively, loosely structured musical composition that is often humorous in character. As early as the 16th century the term was occasionally applied to canzonas, fantasias, and ricercari (often modelled on vocal imitative polyphony). Baroque composers from Girolamo Frescobaldi to J.S. Bach wrote keyboard capriccios displaying strictly fugal as well as whimsical characteristics. Bach's earliest dated keyboard work is his Capriccio “on the Departure of His Beloved Brother,” which cites among other musical references a coachman's horn calls.

      Pietro Locatelli's 24 violin capriccios served as models for those of Niccolò Paganini in the 19th century, when the genre enjoyed a certain vogue. Carl Maria von Weber, Felix Mendelssohn, and Johannes Brahms so entitled a number of pieces for piano, whereas Beethoven limited himself to the occasional addition of the adjective capriccioso to such standard tempo modifiers as andante and allegro. Later in the century Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky wrote his Capriccio italien for orchestra and Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov his Capriccio espagnol. More recently, Igor Stravinsky conceived his Piano Concerto (1929) as a capriccio. Capriccio is also the title of Richard Strauss's last opera (1942), as well as of several late 20th-century works by the Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Capriccio — (auch Kapriccio, französisch (le) caprice; Mz.: Capriccios; Capriccii, Capricen) bezeichnet Formen der Musik, der Malerei und der Literatur. Als Begriff der Kunsttheorie bezeichnet es den absichtlichen, lustvollen Regelverstoß, die phantasievolle …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • capriccio — [ kapritʃo; kaprisjo ] n. m. • av. 1900; mot it. « caprice » ♦ Mus. Morceau instrumental de forme libre, de caractère folklorique. Capriccio espagnol. Des capriccios. ● capriccio nom masculin (mot italien) Synonyme de caprice (musique). ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Capriccio — could refer to: * A free form, lively piece of music: see Capriccio (music). * An opera by Richard Strauss: see Capriccio (opera). * Igor Stravinsky s Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra. * Capriccio (painting), a type of landscape painting that… …   Wikipedia

  • Capriccio — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Capriccio puede referirse a: Capriccio (música), forma musical de estilo libre. Capriccio (ópera), ópera de Richard Strauss. Véase también Capricho (desambiguación) Obtenido de Capriccio Categoría:… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Capriccio — Sn munteres Musikstück per. Wortschatz fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus der italienischen Fachsprache nach it. capriccio Laune, Einfall .    Ebenso ne. capriccio, nfrz. capriccio. S. Kaprice und zur weiteren Verwandtschaft Chef. ✎… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • capriccio — /ka pritʃ:o/ s.m. [dall ant. caporiccio ]. 1. [voglia improvvisa e bizzarra, spesso ostinata anche se di breve durata: ma che c. ti salta, ora? ] ▶◀ estro, fantasia, (non com.) ghiribizzo, grillo, ostinazione, sfizio, (fam.) ticchio, (tosc.)… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • capriccio — 1690s as a term in music for a kind of free composition, from It. capriccio sudden start or motion, apparently from capro goat, from L. capreolus wild goat. Earlier it meant prank, trick (1660s); caprice (c.1600) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Capriccio — Ca*pric cio (k[.a]*pr[=e]t ch[ o]), n. [It. See {Caprice}.] 1. (Mus.) A piece in a free form, with frequent digressions from the theme; a fantasia; often called {caprice}. [1913 Webster] 2. A caprice; a freak; a fancy. Shak. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capriccio — (Caprica, ital., spr. Kapritscho), ein Gegenstand, der auf eine von den gewöhnlichen Regeln des Geschmacks abweichende, doch geniale Weise behandelt ist, so ein Gemälde u. ein Musikstück, letzteres namentlich, wenn es blos die Übung in gewissen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Capriccio — (ital., spr. prittscho, franz. Capricee, »Laune, Grille«), in der bildenden Kunst eine Zeichnung, Radierung oder ein Gemälde von wunderlicher Erfindung und skizzenhafter Ausführung. – Als Name eines Tonstückes bezeichnet C. nicht eine bestimmte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Capriccio — (ital., spr. ittscho), Laune; launenhaftes, willkürlich scheinendes Kunstwerk (Gemälde), bes. Musikstück, in dem ein charakteristisches Motiv verarbeitet ist und das sich nicht einer bestimmten Gattung anschließt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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