Cappadocia


Cappadocia
Cappadocian, adj., n.
/kap'euh doh"sheuh/, n.
an ancient country in E Asia Minor: it became a Roman province in A.D. 17.

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Ancient district, eastern Anatolia.

It is a mountainous area located in modern-day Turkey; its earliest records date from the 6th century BC, when it was a Persian satrapy. It became a semi-independent kingdom under Ariarathes I, a contemporary of Alexander the Great. Important as a Roman ally and client, it was annexed by the emperor Tiberius in AD 17 and made a Roman province. With its command over strategic passes in the Taurus Mountains, the area was a bulwark of the Byzantine Empire until the 11th century.

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▪ ancient district, Turkey
      ancient district in east-central Anatolia in the rugged plateau north of the Taurus Mountains, in present-day Turkey. The area was important as a Roman ally, client, and, later, province. The earliest records of Cappadocia date from the 6th century BC, when its feudal nobility was dominated by a Persian satrapy and Zoroastrian temple cults were widespread. The area retained its Persian character until the time of the Roman occupation. Alexander the Great bypassed Cappadocia but sent troops under his general Perdiccas (322 BC). Cappadocia fell into the dynastic orbit of the Seleucids until the Roman (ancient Rome) victory at Magnesia (190 BC). Afterward, it maintained a faithful allegiance to Rome despite the Pontic and Armenian attacks of the 1st century BC. Retained as a client state by Rome until annexed by Tiberius in AD 17, Cappadocia, with command over strategic passes in the Taurus, remained a bulwark of the Byzantine Empire until the 11th century. In 1985 the Göreme National Park and other rock sites in the area once known as Cappadocia were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CAPPADOCIA — (Gr. Καπποδοκία), country in Asia Minor, which was made a Roman province by Tiberius in 17 C.E. The first known Jewish settlement there dates back to the second century B.C.E., when Ariarathes, king of Cappadocia, was asked by the Romans to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cappadocia — Administration Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CAPPADOCIA — Aliae regio ampla mari Euxino exposita, inter Galatiam ad occidemptem et. Armetniam minotem ad ortum contenta, introrsus in austrum usque ad Ciliciae sines Taurô monte dividente extensa, Plin. l. 6. c. 8. Strab. 1. 12. Huius praeses, Cl.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cappadocia — bezeichnet: Cappadocia (L’Aquila), eine Gemeinde in der Provinz L’Aquila, Italien Cappadocia (Römische Provinz), eine römische Provinz im Gebiet Kappadokien in der heutigen Türkei Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cappadocia — ancient name for the region roughly corresponding to modern Turkey, from Gk. Kappadokía, perhaps ultimately from Pers. Hvaspadakhim land of fine horses. In ancient Athens, Cappadocians were notorious as knaves and cowards …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cappadocia — [kap΄ə dō′shē ə, kap΄ə dō′shə] ancient kingdom, later a Roman province, in E Asia Minor: fl. 3d cent. B.C. 1st cent. A.D …   English World dictionary

  • Cappadocia — ] It was not until Rome had deposed the Pontic and Armenian kings that the rule of Ariobarzanes was established (63 BC). In the civil wars Cappadocia was now for Pompey, now for Caesar, now for Antony, now against him. The Ariobarzanes dynasty… …   Wikipedia

  • Cappadocia —    Region of central Asia Minor (q.v.) famous for the Cappadocian Fathers, Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzos, and Gregory of Nyssa (qq.v.). Its strategic importance from the seventh century onward lay in its close proximity to frontier passes …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Cappadocia — Original name in latin Cappadocia Name in other language State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 42.00653 latitude 13.27999 altitude 1107 Population 519 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Cappadocia — geographical name ancient district E Asia Minor chiefly in valley of the upper Kızıl Irmak in modern Turkey capital Caesarea Mazaca • Cappadocian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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