Cap-Haitien


Cap-Haitien
Fr. /kannp ann ee syaonn", -tyaonn"/, n.
a seaport in N Haiti. 50,000.

* * *

Haiti
also called  Le Cap 

      city, northern Haiti. Founded in 1670 by the French, the city was then known as Cap-Français and gained early renown as the “Paris of the Antilles.” It served as capital of the colony (then known as Saint-Domingue) until 1770 and was the scene of slave uprisings in 1791. U.S. ships used its harbour during the dispute with France (1798–1800) and during the American Civil War. Haitian and French troops razed the city in 1802. Henry Christophe, self-proclaimed king of Haiti, rebuilt much of it, but an earthquake in 1842 and a hurricane in 1928 destroyed many historic buildings; its colonial parish church survived.

      The modernized harbour handles about one-ninth of Haiti's import-export trade. Cap-Haïtien is also a market for local produce, including bananas, pineapples, sugarcane, coffee, and cacao. Its agricultural industry suffered when a large sisal (fibre plant Agave sisalana) plantation near the city closed in the 1980s, and the region experienced droughts as well as cheap food imports. Bitter oranges, however, have been a successful export crop; they are used by Cointreau and Grand Marnier to make liqueurs. There is some small-scale industrial development.

 A new highway reduced traveling time between Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haïtien from 11 to 3 hours and effectively opened the area to tourism. Attractions include the nearby palace of Sans-Souci and the fortress of La Citadelle Laferrière, both built by Henry Christophe and now in the National History Park; they were designated UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1982. The citadel, often called the Eighth Wonder of the World, was begun in 1804 and took 13 years and 200,000 former slaves to complete. It is accessible only by a two-hour ascent by mule. The nearly ruined palace of Napoleon's sister Pauline Bonaparte (Bonaparte, Pauline), the wife of Gen. Charles Leclerc (Leclerc, Charles), recalls Leclerc's ill-fated invasion ordered by Napoleon in 1801. Pop. (2003) 111,094.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cap-Haïtien — La ville du Cap vue d un morne voisin Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cap Haïtien — • Erected by Pius IX, 3 October, 1861, in the ecclesiastical Province of Port au Prince Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cap Haitien     Cap Haïtien      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cap-Haitien — Cap Haïtien Cap Haïtien Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cap Haitien — Cap Haïtien Cap Haïtien Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cap-Haïtien — Cap Haïtien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cap Haitien — [kȧ pȧ ē tyan′, kȧ pȧ ēsyan′kap΄ hāt΄ē en′, kap΄hā΄sēen΄; kap΄hā′shən] seaport on the N coast of Haiti: pop. 92,000: Fr. name Cap Haïtien [kȧ pȧ ē tyan′, kȧ pȧ ēsyan′] * * * …   Universalium

  • Cap Haitien — [kȧ pȧ ē tyan′, kȧ pȧ ēsyan′kap΄ hāt΄ē en′, kap΄hā΄sēen΄; kap΄hā′shən] seaport on the N coast of Haiti: pop. 92,000: Fr. name Cap Haïtien [kȧ pȧ ē tyan′, kȧ pȧ ēsyan′] …   English World dictionary

  • Cap-Haïtien — (o Le Cap) es una ciudad de alrededor de 100.000 habitantes en la costa norte de Haití. * * * ► C. de Haití, cap. del departamento Norte; 75 519 h. Puerto marítimo. Cap. de la colonia francesa hasta 1770 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cap Haïtien — (spr. kăp a itjäng), Hafenstadt an der Nordküste von Haïti, Sitz eines deutschen Konsuls, mit 15 km langer Eisenbahn ins Innere, starker Kaffeeausfuhr und etwa 20,000 Einw. Die Stadt war ehemals als Cap Français Hauptstadt der französischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cap-Haïtien — port d Haïti, sur la côte atlantique (au N. de l île); 64 400 hab. Raff. de sucre. Tourisme. Appelée Cap Français, la ville fut la cap. de Saint Domingue (colonie franç. qui est auj. la république d Haïti) de 1670 à 1770 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cap Haitien — Cap Haïtien (eller Le Cap) er den andenstørste by på Haiti. Byen er placeret på nordkysten af Hispaniola og har cirka 100.000 indbyggere …   Danske encyklopædi


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.