candidiasis


candidiasis
/kan'di duy"euh sis/, n., pl. candidiases /-seez'/.
any of a variety of infections caused by fungi of the genus Candida, occurring most often in the mouth, respiratory tract (bronchocandidiasis), or vagina. Cf. thrush2.
[1945-50; < NL Candid(a) genus name (see CANDIDA) + -IASIS]

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also called  moniliasis 
 infectious disease produced by the yeastlike fungus Candida albicans and closely related species. A common inhabitant of the mouth, vagina, and intestinal tract, Candida ordinarily causes no ill effects, except among infants and in persons debilitated by illness such as diabetes. There is evidence that prolonged treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics, such as chloramphenicol and the tetracyclines, may predispose to the development of candidiasis, perhaps by killing off normal microbial antagonists to the fungus.

      Candidiasis of the mucous membranes of the mouth is known as thrush and is a common fungus infection; it is usually localized and mild but may spread into a generalized cutaneous eruption. Thrush most often occurs in bottle-fed babies and in persons with terminal illness. Candidiasis of the mucous membranes of the vagina is called vaginitis; (vaginitis) it is most common in diabetic or pregnant women.

      Candidiasis of the skin is most likely to occur in the folds, especially in moist areas such as the armpits, between the buttocks, and in the navel. The folds between the fingers and around the nails are often affected in persons whose hands are frequently wet. Perlèche is a Candida infection occurring at the corners of the mouth.

      Occasionally the fungus invades the respiratory system, producing a bronchopulmonary infection that simulates miliary tuberculosis. The infection rarely becomes systemic, but when it does so it may damage the lining of the heart or the meninges.

      Some forms of candidiasis are easily treatable; others are more refractory. Iodide and gentian violet have endured as therapeutic agents, while nystatin, an antifungal antibiotic, has shown some efficacy.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Candidiasis — Cultivo en ágar de Candida albicans Clasificación y recursos externos CIE 10 …   Wikipedia Español

  • candidiasis — f. parasit. Conjunto de enfermedades producidas por hongos del género Candida. Las manifestaciones de la candidiasis suelen limitarse a la piel y a las mucosas: vulvovaginitis, afección de las uñas, Muguet; raras veces el hongo es capaz de causar …   Diccionario médico

  • candidiasis — n. an infection caused by fungi of the genera {Monilia} or {Candida}, especially {Candida albicans}. Syn: moniliasis, monilia disease. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Candidiasis — candidiasis. f. Med. Infección de la piel y las mucosas producida por hongos del género Candida. * * * La candidiasis es una enfermedad cutánea causada por un hongo del género Candida, de los cuales Candida albicans es el más frecuente. Se puede… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • candidiasis — f. Med. Infección de la piel y las mucosas producida por hongos del género Candida …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • candidiasis — [kan΄də dī΄ə sis] n. pl. candidiases [kan΄də dī′əsēz΄] a common fungal infection caused by yeast (genus Candida, esp. C. albicans) that thrives on any moist, cutaneous area of the body, esp. on mucous membranes, between toes, under diapers, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Candidiasis — Thrush (infection) redirects here. For the hoof infection see Thrush (horse). Candidiasis Classification and external resources Agar plate culture of Candida albicans …   Wikipedia

  • Candidiasis — schwere Kandidose der Mundhöhle Klassifikation nach …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • candidiasis — {{#}}{{LM C43619}}{{〓}} {{[}}candidiasis{{]}} ‹ca·di·dia·sis› {{◆}}(pl. candidiasis){{◇}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Infección de la piel y de las mucosas producida por un tipo de hongos …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • candidiasis — Eng. Candidiasis Enfermedad cuyo agente etiológico es la levadura Candida albicans y que a nivel ocular puede ser causa de úlcera corneal con hipopión, dacriocistitis, uveítis, endoftalmitis, panoftalmitis, desprendimiento de retina, manchas de… …   Diccionario de oftalmología


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