Callicrates


Callicrates
/keuh lik"reuh teez'/, n.
fl. mid-5th century B.C., Greek architect who together with Ictinus designed the Parthenon.

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▪ Greek architect
also spelled  Kallikrates  
flourished 5th century BC
 
 Athenian architect who designed the Temple of Athena Nike on the Athenian Acropolis and, with Ictinus, the Parthenon.

      It is known from an inscription of 449 BC (the year of the signing of peace with Persia) that the Senate commissioned Callicrates to construct a temple to Athena Nike (also known as the Wingless Victory) on the Athenian Acropolis. Callicrates designed the temple to be of pentelic marble, small in size, and Ionic in order; it was to be built on the bastion of the southwestern corner of the Acropolis. Construction finally began in 427 BC, and the temple was completed in 424 BC.

      Callicrates and Ictinus were the architects of the Parthenon, the largest Doric temple on the Greek mainland. According to the inscription on the building, the construction was begun in 447 BC. The building was completed and dedicated in 438 BC at the Panathenaea (a festival held in honour of Athena every four years on the Athenian Acropolis).

      On the basis of stylistic similarities a small Ionic temple (destroyed 1778) on the bank of the Ilissos River, in Athens, was attributed to Callicrates, and a Doric temple to Apollo, built by the Athenians on the island of Delos, may be his work. The Architects of the Parthenon, by Rhys Carpenter, suggests that Callicrates was also responsible for the Hephaesteum, the temple of Poseidon at Sunion, the temple of Ares at Acharnae, and the temple at Rhamnous.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CALLICRATÈS — (CALLICRATÈS Ve s.) Callicratès est un architecte athénien à qui revient, selon Plutarque (Vie de Périclès , XIII, 7), la construction du mur médian du système de remparts unissant Athènes au Pirée (les Longs Murs) et celle du Parthénon, en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Callicrates — Callicratès Callicratès (parfois écrit Callicrate) fut un architecte grec d Athènes, au Ve siècle av. J. C.. En collaboration avec Phidias et Ictinos, il conçut et dirigea la construction du Parthénon, entre 447 et 442 av. J. C.. Il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Callicratès — (parfois écrit Callicrate ; en grec ancien : Καλλικράτης, Kallikrátēs) fut un architecte grec d Athènes, au Ve siècle av. J.‑C.. En collaboration avec Phidias et Ictinos, il conçut et dirigea la construction du Parthénon,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CALLICRATES — I. CALLICRATES Tyrius, Aureliani tempore, et paulo post vixit. qui vitam Imperatoris huius in literas retulit. Vopisc. in Auvelian. c. 4. II. CALLICRATES artifex ex ebore formicas, et alia tam parva animalia fecit, ut partes earum cerni non… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Callicrates —  (fl. fifth c. bc) Greek architect, co designer (with Ictinus) of the Parthenon …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Callicrates — /kəˈlɪkrətiz/ (say kuh likruhteez) noun fl. 447–442 BC, Athenian architect; part designer of the Parthenon …   Australian English dictionary

  • Callicrates — /keuh lik reuh teez /, n. fl. mid 5th century B.C., Greek architect who together with Ictinus designed the Parthenon …   Useful english dictionary

  • CALLICRATIDES seu CALLICRATES — Graece Καλλικράτης, Athenaeo l. 11. refertur inter nobiles Toreutas, Καλλικράτης ὁ λάκων καὶ Μῦς, Callicrates Laco et Mys. Unde Salmas. apud Plin. l. 33. c. 12. Post hos celebratus est Calamis Mox Cyzicenus Taursiscus, item Ariston et circa Magni …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Callicrate — Callicratès Callicratès (parfois écrit Callicrate) fut un architecte grec d Athènes, au Ve siècle av. J. C.. En collaboration avec Phidias et Ictinos, il conçut et dirigea la construction du Parthénon, entre 447 et 442 av. J. C.. Il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • КАЛЛИКРАТ —    • Callicrătes,          Καλλικράτης,        1. зодчий, вместе с Иктином строитель Парфенона (см. Architectura, Архитекторы, 5);        2. предводитель сиракузян в войне с афинянами (415 г. до Р. X.), павший в борьбе с Ламахом;        3. ахеец …   Реальный словарь классических древностей


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