 calculator

/kal"kyeuh lay'teuhr/, n.1. a person who calculates or computes.2. Also called calculating machine. a small electronic or mechanical device that performs calculations, requiring manual action for each individual opertion.3. a person who operates such a machine.4. a set of tables that facilitates calculation.[13751425; late ME < L; see CALCULATE, TOR]
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Machine for performing arithmetic operations and certain mathematical functions automatically.Blaise Pascal devised a digital arithmetic machine in 1642. By the late 19th century, such machines had become smaller and easier to use, and desktop machines appeared in the early 20th century. Electronic dataprocessing systems in the mid1950s led to the obsolescence of mechanical calculators. Miniature solidstate devices ushered in calculators that could perform mathematical functions in addition to basic arithmetic, and also store data and instructions in memory registers, providing programming capabilities similar to those of small computers.* * *
machine for automatically performing arithmetical operations and certain mathematical functions. Modern calculators are descendants of a digital arithmetic machine devised by Blaise Pascal (Pascal, Blaise) in 1642. Later in the 17th century, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz created a more advanced machine, and, especially in the late 19th century, inventors produced calculating machines that were smaller and smaller and less and less laborious to use. In the early decades of the 20th century, desktop adding machines and other calculating devices were developed. Some were keydriven, others required a rotating drum to enter sums punched into a keyboard, and later the drum was spun by electric motor.The development of electronic dataprocessing systems by the mid1950s began to hint at obsolescence for mechanical calculators, and the developments of miniature solidstate electronic devices ushered in new calculators for pocket or desk top that, by the late 20th century, could perform simple mathematical functions (e.g., normal and inverse trigonometric functions) in addition to basic arithmetical operations; could store data and instructions in memory registers, providing programming capabilities similar to those of small computers; and could operate many times faster than their mechanical predecessors. Various sophisticated calculators of this type were designed to employ interchangeable preprogrammed software modules capable of 5,000 or more program steps. Some desktop and pocket models were equipped to print their output on a roll of paper; others even had plotting and alphabetic character printing capabilities.* * *
Universalium. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
calculator — CALCULATÓR, OÁRE, calculatori, oare, subst. 1. s.n. Tabel care cuprinde rezultatele unor calcule, folosit pentru simplificarea operaţiilor; carte, broşură care cuprinde asemenea tabele. 2. s.n. (Şi în sintagma calculator electronic) Ordinator,… … Dicționar Român
calculator — UK US /ˈkælkjəleɪtər/ noun [C] IT, WORKPLACE ► something such as a small piece of electronic equipment or a computer program that does mathematical calculations: »a desk/pocket calculator »The flexible savings account has an online calculator… … Financial and business terms
Calculator — ist der lateinische Ausdruck für einen „Rechenmeister“ oder Mathematiker. Der Begriff ist abgeleitet von Calculus (lat.: Stein, den man zum Rechnen nahm). Im römischen Reich war der Calculator ein Sklave, später auch ein Freigelassener oder… … Deutsch Wikipedia
calculator — late 14c., mathematician, one who calculates, from L. calculator, from calculatus, pp. of calculare to reckon, compute, from calculus (see CALCULUS (Cf. calculus)). Of mechanical adding machine contraptions, from 1784. Of electronic ones, from… … Etymology dictionary
Calculator — Cal cu*la*tor, n. [L.: cf. F. calculateur.] One who computes or reckons: one who estimates or considers the force and effect of causes, with a view to form a correct estimate of the effects. [1913 Webster] Ambition is no exact calculator. Burke.… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Calculātor — Calculātor, 1) (röm. Ant.), Sklav, der die Rechnung für seinen Herrnführte, auch zugleich als Rechenmeister Kinder unterrichtete; 2) (Calculist), Beamter, der Berechnungen aller Art, bes. die Richtigkeit derselben prüft. Daher Calcutatur,… … Pierer's UniversalLexikon
calculator — index accountant Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary
Calculator — [engl.], Rechner … UniversalLexikon
calculator — [n] adding machine computer, number cruncher*, PDA, personal digital assistant; concepts 269,463 … New thesaurus
calculator — ► NOUN ▪ something used for making mathematical calculations, in particular a small electronic device with a keyboard and a visual display … English terms dictionary
calculator — [kal′kyo͞o lāt΄ər, kal′kyəlāt΄ər] n. 1. a person who calculates 2. a book of tables for calculating 3. a mechanical or electronic device for the automatic performance of mathematical operations … English World dictionary