calash


calash
/keuh lash"/, n.
1. Also, calèche. a light vehicle pulled by one or two horses, seating two to four passengers, and having two or four wheels, a seat for a driver on a splashboard, and sometimes a folding top.
2. a folding top of a carriage.
3. calèche (def. 1).
4. a bonnet that folds back like the top of a calash, worn by women in the 18th century.
[1660-70; < F calèche < G Kalesche < Czech kolesa carriage, lit., wheels; see WHEEL]

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 (from Czech kolesa: “wheels”), also called Calèche, or Barouche, any of various open carriages, with facing passenger seats and an elevated coachman's seat joined to the front of the shallow body, which somewhat resembled a small boat. A characteristic falling hood over the rear seat gave the name calash to any folding carriage top. Most of the vehicles had four wheels, but some had two. A type used especially in Quebec was two wheeled, with one forward-facing seat, and a driver's seat on the splashboard. Other types were almost identical to chaises and victorias.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calash — Ca*lash , n. [F. cal[ e]che; of Slavonic origin; cf. Bohem. kolesa, Russ. koliaska calash, koleso, kolo, wheel.] 1. A light carriage with low wheels, having a top or hood that can be raised or lowered, seats for inside, a separate seat for the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • calash — [kə lash′] n. [Fr calèche < Ger kalesche < Czech kolésa, prob. < kolo, a WHEEL: for IE base see CYCLE] 1. a light, low wheeled carriage, usually with a folding top 2. such a folding top 3. a folding hood or bonnet worn by women in the… …   English World dictionary

  • calash — /kəˈlæʃ/ (say kuh lash) noun 1. a light, low wheeled carriage, either with or without a folding top. 2. the folding top (calash top) of such a vehicle. 3. a kind of hood formerly worn by women. {French calèche, from German Kalesche, from Slavic;… …   Australian English dictionary

  • calash — noun Etymology: French calèche, from German Kalesche, from Czech kolesa wheels, carriage; akin to Greek kyklos wheel more at wheel Date: 1679 1. a. a light small wheeled 4 passenger carriage with a folding top b. caleche 1b 2. a large hood worn… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • calash — noun A sort of light convertible carriage with a folding hood …   Wiktionary

  • calash — light low wheeled carriage with folding top Carriages and Chariots …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • calash — n. light carriage pulled by one or two horses and having four wheels (for 2 to 4 passengers and a driver) with a folding top; folding top of a carriage; bonnet which folds back just like the top of a carriage (worn by women during the 18th… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • calash —    See calèche …   Dictionary of foreign words and phrases

  • calash — [kə laʃ] noun another term for caleche …   English new terms dictionary

  • calash — ca·lash …   English syllables


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