Cabeiri


Cabeiri
/keuh buy"ruy/, n.
Cabiri.

* * *

Important group of deities, probably of Phrygian origin, worshiped in Asia Minor and in Macedonia and northern and central Greece.

In classical times there were two males, Axiocersus and his son Cadmilus, and two females, Axierus and Axiocersa. They were promoters of fertility and protectors of seafarers. The male pair, the more important, was often confused with the Dioscuri. The Cabeiri were also identified with the Great Gods of Samothrace, and their cult reached its height in the 4th century BC.

* * *

▪ ancient deities
also spelled  Cabiri,  

      important group of deities, probably of Phrygian origin, worshiped over much of Asia Minor, on the islands nearby, and in Macedonia and northern and central Greece. They were promoters of fertility and protectors of seafarers. Perhaps originally indefinite in number, in classical times there appear to have been two male deities, Axiocersus and his son and attendant Cadmilus, or Casmilus, and a less-important female pair, Axierus and Axiocersa. These were variously identified by the Greeks with deities of their own pantheon. The cult included worship of the power of fertility, rites of purification, and initiation.

      The Cabeiri are often identified with the Great Gods of Samothrace, where the mysteries attracted great attention and initiation was looked upon as a general safeguard against misfortune. In the period after the death of Alexander the Great (323 BC), their cult reached its height.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cabeiri — In Greek mythology, the Cabeiri, ( Cabiri , Kabeiroi , [ Kabeiroi is the transliteration used in John Raffan s translation of Walter Burkert, Greek Religion (Harvard Univerity Press) 1985, and in most academic discourse.] Greek: Κάβειροι) were a… …   Wikipedia

  • Cabeiri — Cabiri Ca*bi ri (k[.a]*b[imac] r[imac]), prop. n. pl. [ NL., fr. Gr. Ka beiroi.] (Myth.) Certain deities originally worshiped with mystical rites by the Pelasgians in Lemnos and Samothrace and afterwards throughout Greece; also called sons of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cabeiri — Usage: usually capitalized variant of cabiri * * * /keuh buy ruy/, n. Cabiri …   Useful english dictionary

  • Seuthopolis — was an ancient city founded by the Thracian king Seuthes III, and the capital of the Odrysian kingdom since 320 BC. It was a small city, built on the site of an earlier settlement, and its ruins are now located at the bottom of the Koprinka… …   Wikipedia

  • Cedalion — In Greek mythology, Cedalion or Kedalion was a servant of Hephaestus in Lemnos. According to one tradition, he was Hephaestus s tutor, with whom Hera fostered her son on Naxos to teach him smithcraft. [Eustathius of Thessalonica, first note on Ξ …   Wikipedia

  • Sanchuniathon — is the purported Phoenician author of three lost works originally in the Phoenician language, surviving only in partial paraphrase and summary of a Greek translation by Philo of Byblos, according to the Christian bishop Eusebius of Caesarea.… …   Wikipedia

  • Eshmun — (or Eshmoun, less accurately Esmun or Esmoun) was a Phoenician god of healing and the tutelary god of Sidon.This god was known at least from the Iron Age period at Sidon and was worshipped also in Tyre, Beirut, Cyprus, Sardinia, and in Carthage… …   Wikipedia

  • Samothrace — Samothracian /sam euh thray sheuhn/, adj., n. /sam euh thrays /, n. a Greek island in the NE Aegean. 3012. Greek, Samothrake /sah maw thrddah kee/. * * * ▪ island, Greece Modern Greek  Samothráki,    Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea off… …   Universalium

  • Καβειραία — Καβειραίᾱ , Καβειραίη fem nom/voc/acc dual Καβειραίᾱ , Καβειραίη fem nom/voc sg (attic doric aeolic) Καβειραίᾱ , Καβειραῖος the Cabeiri fem nom/voc/acc dual Καβειραίᾱ , Καβειραῖος the Cabeiri fem nom/voc sg (attic doric aeolic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • Καβειραίας — Καβειραίᾱς , Καβειραίη fem acc pl Καβειραίᾱς , Καβειραίη fem gen sg (attic doric aeolic) Καβειραίᾱς , Καβειραῖος the Cabeiri fem acc pl Καβειραίᾱς , Καβειραῖος the Cabeiri fem gen sg (attic doric aeolic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)