/bid"gawshch/, n.
a city in N Poland. 323,000. German, Bromberg.

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City (pop., 2000 est.: 384,500), northern Poland.

Originally a commercial city of the Teutonic Order, it received town rights in 1346. It prospered as a grain and timber centre until it was devastated in the 17th-century Swedish wars. In the 18th century the Bydgoszcz Canal, which linked the basins of the Vistula and Oder rivers, made the city a major inland port. It fell under Prussian rule in 1772–1919. The Germans held it throughout World War II, but it was noted for its staunch resistance to the Nazi invasion of 1939. It remains important as a water transport route, connecting Upper Silesia with the Baltic ports.

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      city, one of two capitals (with Toruń) of Kujawsko-Pomorskie województwo (province), northern Poland, near the confluence of the Brda and Vistula rivers.

      Beginning as a frontier stronghold, Bydgoszcz was seized by the Teutonic Knights in the 13th century; it received town rights in 1346. It prospered as a grain and timber centre, was devastated during the 17th-century Swedish wars, and regained importance in the 18th century with the building of the Bydgoszcz Canal, linking the basins of the Vistula and Oder rivers and making it a major inland port. In 1946, on its 600th anniversary, it was awarded the Grunwald Cross for its staunch resistance to the Nazi attack of 1939.

      The city is an important water-transport route and rail junction connecting Upper Silesia with the Baltic ports. It processes forest and agricultural products and has textile mills, metallurgical plants, chemical and machine plants, and electronics and printing shops, as well as several museums, theatres and a concert hall. It has agricultural and engineering schools, as well as academies of medicine and music. Pop. (2002) 373,804.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Bydgoszcz — Bydgoszcz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bydgoszcz — Bydgoszcz …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bydgoszcz — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bydgoszcz Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • BYDGOSZCZ — (Ger. Bromberg), capital of Bydgoszcz province, north central Poland. There were Jews living in the fortress of Bydgoszcz (castrum Bydgoscense) in the 11th and 12th centuries. Later a considerable number of Jews, engaged in trading provisions… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BYDGOSZCZ — Chef lieu de la province polonaise du même nom, la ville de Bydgoszcz (382 000 hab. environ en 1992) se situe à un carrefour naturel, à l’intersection du chenal proglaciaire (pradoliny) de la Warta Notec et de celui de la Vistule. Très tôt… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bydgoszcz — Bydgoszcz, Stadt, so v.w. Bromberg …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bydgoszcz —   [ bidgɔʃtʃ], Stadt in Polen, Bromberg …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bydgoszcz — [bid′gō̂shch] city in NC Poland: pop. 384,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Bydgoszcz — Infobox Settlement name = Bydgoszcz imagesize = 250px image shield = POL Bydgoszcz COA.svg pushpin pushpin label position = bottom subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 = Kuyavian… …   Wikipedia

  • Bydgoszcz — Original name in latin Bydgoszcz Name in other language BZG, Bedgoszcza, Bidgosc, Bidgosca, Bidgoshch, Bidgoshh, Bidgo Bidgoa, Bidqos, Bintnkos, Brombarg, Bromberch, Bromberg, Bydgoscius, Bydgoshh, Bydgostia, Bydgoszcz, Bydgoius, Bydhost, Bydho… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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