bushranger


bushranger
bushranging, n.
/boosh"rayn'jeuhr/, n.
1. a person who lives in the bush or woods.
2. Australian.
a. a person who lives by robbing travelers and isolated homesteads in the bush.
b. a person who drives a hard, and sometimes dishonest, bargain.
[1810-20; BUSH1 + RANGER]

* * *

▪ Australian bandit
 any of the bandits of the Australian bush, or outback, who harassed the settlers, miners, and Aborigines of the frontier in the late 18th and 19th centuries and whose exploits figure prominently in Australian history and folklore. Acting individually or in small bands, these variants of the classical bandit or highwayman followed the usual pattern of robbery, rape, and murder. They specialized in robbing, or “bailing up,” stagecoaches, banks, and small settlements. From 1789, when John Caesar (called “Black Caesar”) took to the bush and probably became the first bushranger, until the 1850s, the bushrangers were almost exclusively escaped convicts. From the 1850s until their disappearance after 1880, most bushrangers were free settlers who had run afoul of the law. The last major bushranger—and also the most celebrated—was Ned Kelly (Kelly, Ned) (1855–80).

      While many bushrangers, such as John Lynch and Daniel “Mad” Morgan, were ruthless killers, the glorification of bushranging in Australian society stems in part from the actual deeds of certain figures: Matthew Brady and Edward “Teddy the Jew-boy” Davis, both transported convicts, were known for their humane treatment of their victims; Davis actually shared his booty with the poor. Both ended their career on the gallows, despite popular protestations for leniency. The cult of the bushranger is the source of such folk songs as “Bold Jack Donahoe” and “Wild Colonial Boy,” as well as the expression “as game as Ned Kelly.”

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bushranger — Bush ran ger, n. One who roams, or hides, among the bushes; especially, in Australia, an escaped criminal living in the bush. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bushranger — (spr. búschrēndscher), in Australien (insbesondere in den ehemaligen Verbrecherkolonien) üblicher Ausdruck für Straßenräuber, die im Bush, d. h. in den Weidedistrikten, ihr Wesen treiben; Buschklepper …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • bushranger — [boosh′rān΄jər] n. [< BUSH1 (sense 4) + RANGER] 1. a person who lives in the bush; backwoodsman 2. in Australia, an outlaw living in the bush …   English World dictionary

  • Bushranger — William Strutt, Bushrangers on the St Kilda Road, 1887 Les Bushrangers, ou bush rangers, étaient des hors la loi du début de la colonisation de l Australie qui utilisaient leurs capacités à survivre dans le bush pour se cacher des autorités. On… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bushranger — Bushrangers, or bush rangers, were outlaws in the early years of the European settlement of Australia who had the survival skills necessary to use the Australian bush as a refuge to hide from the authorities. They were roughly analogous to… …   Wikipedia

  • Bushranger — Der Bushranger (oder Bushrangie) ist ein australischer Geländewagen mit Allradantrieb, der von den John E. Davis Motor Works hergestellt wird. Er basiert auf dem britischen Dakar 4x4, unterscheidet sich von diesem aber wesentlich, obwohl beide… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bushranger — UK [ˈbʊʃˌreɪndʒə(r)] / US [ˈbʊʃˌreɪndʒər] noun [countable] Word forms bushranger : singular bushranger plural bushrangers Australian someone who used to live in the Australian bush and steal things from people who went there …   English dictionary

  • bushranger — /ˈbʊʃreɪndʒə / (say booshraynjuh) noun 1. a bandit or criminal in Australia in colonial times who hid in the bush and led a predatory life: *Starlight the cattle stealer, the mail robber, the bush ranger, whose name is notorious over the three… …   Australian English dictionary

  • bushranger — noun A roving bandit who lived in the bush. 1824: Mr Hovell lacks all the qualities befitting a bushranger mdash; in the Australian (newspaper?). Quoted in Sidney J. Baker, The Australian Language, second edition, 1966, chapter II section 2, page …   Wiktionary

  • bushranger — noun Date: 1801 1. Australian an outlaw living in the bush 2. frontiersman, woodsman • bushranging noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.