bursitis


bursitis
/beuhr suy"tis/, n. Pathol.
inflammation of a bursa.
[1855-60; < NL; see BURSA, -ITIS]

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Inflammation of the lubricating sac (bursa) over a joint or extension of a joint, or between tendons and muscles or bones, caused by infection, injury, arthritis or gout, calcium deposits along a tendon or joint, or repetitive minor irritation.

Common types are "housemaid's knee," "soldier's heel," "tennis elbow," and "weaver's bottom." Bursitis in the shoulder is the most common form. Usually occurring in people unaccustomed to physical labour, it may be so painful that the affected part cannot be used. Treatment includes rest, heat, mild exercise, and medication to relieve inflammation and remove calcium deposits.

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      inflammation of a synovial bursa, the lubricating sac located around joints (joint) or between tendons and muscles or bones. Bursitis may be caused by infection or injury, by arthritis or gout, by calcium deposition along a tendon or joint, or by minor, usually repetitive irritation. Bursitis commonly affects the knee (“housemaid's knee”), the Achilles tendon at the back of the ankle (“soldier's heel”), the elbow (“tennis elbow”), and the bottom of the pelvis (“weaver's bottom”), but most common is bursitis of the shoulder, caused by calcium deposits and inflammation of the rotator tendon in the upper arm, spreading into the bursa above the shoulder joint. Bursitis of the shoulder may be extremely painful, making it impossible to raise the affected arm. Treatment of bursitis includes rest, heat, mild exercise, and medications that relieve inflammation and remove calcium deposits.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • bursitis — f. patol. Inflamación de una bolsa serosa. Medical Dictionary. 2011. bursitis inflamación de una bolsa …   Diccionario médico

  • Bursitis — is inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a tiny fluid filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. The major bursae are located adjacent to the tendons near the large joints, such as the shoulders,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Bursitis — Bur*si tis, n. [NL., fr. E. bursa + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of a bursa. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bursitis — Bursītis (grch.), Schleimbeutelentzündung …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • bursitis — (n.) 1834, medical L., inflammation of the bursa, apparently from L. bursa mucosa mucus pouch, from M.L. bursa bag, purse, from L.L. bursa, variant of byrsa hide, from Gk. byrsa (see PURSE (Cf. purse)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • bursitis — bursìtis m DEFINICIJA pat. upala burse (2b), ob. nastaje zbog traume, a može prerasti u kronično oboljenje ETIMOLOGIJA v. bursa + itis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • bursitis — f. Med. Inflamación de las bolsas sinoviales de las articulaciones …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • bursitis — [bər sīt′is] n. [ModL < BURSA + ITIS] inflammation of a bursa, as near the shoulder or hip …   English World dictionary

  • Bursitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 M70 Krankheiten des Weichteilgewebes im Zusammenhang mit Beanspruchung, Überbeanspruchung und Druck M70.1 Bursitis im Bereich der Hand …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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