/beuhr suy"tis/, n. Pathol.
inflammation of a bursa.
[1855-60; < NL; see BURSA, -ITIS]

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Inflammation of the lubricating sac (bursa) over a joint or extension of a joint, or between tendons and muscles or bones, caused by infection, injury, arthritis or gout, calcium deposits along a tendon or joint, or repetitive minor irritation.

Common types are "housemaid's knee," "soldier's heel," "tennis elbow," and "weaver's bottom." Bursitis in the shoulder is the most common form. Usually occurring in people unaccustomed to physical labour, it may be so painful that the affected part cannot be used. Treatment includes rest, heat, mild exercise, and medication to relieve inflammation and remove calcium deposits.

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      inflammation of a synovial bursa, the lubricating sac located around joints (joint) or between tendons and muscles or bones. Bursitis may be caused by infection or injury, by arthritis or gout, by calcium deposition along a tendon or joint, or by minor, usually repetitive irritation. Bursitis commonly affects the knee (“housemaid's knee”), the Achilles tendon at the back of the ankle (“soldier's heel”), the elbow (“tennis elbow”), and the bottom of the pelvis (“weaver's bottom”), but most common is bursitis of the shoulder, caused by calcium deposits and inflammation of the rotator tendon in the upper arm, spreading into the bursa above the shoulder joint. Bursitis of the shoulder may be extremely painful, making it impossible to raise the affected arm. Treatment of bursitis includes rest, heat, mild exercise, and medications that relieve inflammation and remove calcium deposits.

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Universalium. 2010.

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