bund


bund
/bund/, n. (in Asian countries)
an embankment or an embanked quay, often providing a promenade.
[1805-15; < Hindi band < Pers: dam, levee; akin to BIND, BOND1]

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▪ political movement
also called  Jewish Bund , formally  General Union of Jewish Workers in Lithuania, Poland, and Russia , Russian  Vseobshchy Yevreysky Rabochiy Soyuz v Litve, Polishe, i Rossii 

      Jewish Socialist political movement founded in Vilnius in 1897 by a small group of workers and intellectuals from the Jewish Pale of tsarist Russia. The Bund called for the abolition of discrimination against Jews and the reconstitution of Russia along federal lines. At the time of the founding of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party (1898), the Bund was the most effective Socialist organization in the country. Its determination to be the sole representative of Jewish workers conflicted with Lenin's plans for a centralized party; in 1903 the Jewish leaders walked out of the second Congress of the Russian Social-Democratic Party. After rejoining the Social Democrats in 1906, they generally supported the Mensheviks. In April 1920 the Bund divided into two groups: the majority merged with the Communist Party while the minority, led by Rafael Abramovich, maintained its separate identity until suppressed by the Bolshevik government. The Bund was active in Poland between World War I and World War II.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bund — Bund …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • BUND — (abbr. of Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln un Rusland; General Jewish Workers Union in Lithuania, Poland and Russia ), Jewish socialist party founded in Russia in 1897; after a certain ideological development it came to be… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BUND — für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland (BUND) Zweck: Entwickeln von Strategien und Umsetzen von Projekten im Natur und Umweltschutz Vorsitz: Prof. Dr. Hubert Weiger Gründungsdatum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bund — is the German and Yiddish word for Federation or Union , in which context it is pronounced boont .Bund is also an English word deriving from the Urdu word band , which means embankment, levee or dam. In this context it is usually pronounced to… …   Wikipedia

  • bund — bund·ist; bund·weed; cog·i·ta·bund; cum·mer·bund; fu·ri·bund; pu·di·bund; saeng·er·bund; staa·ten·bund; bund; mor·i·bund; …   English syllables

  • Bund — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bund …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bund [1] — Bund (der B.), 1) Vertrag, welchen mehrere Personen od. Staaten unter gegenseitigen Verpflichtungen u. Versprechungen zur Erreichung eines gemeinschaftlichen Zweckes mit einander machen, s. Bündniß; im Alterthum z.B. der Achäische, Ätolische, in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • bund — BUND, bunduri, s.n. Asociaţie, confrerie; confederaţie (în Germania şi Elveţia). – Din germ. Bund. Trimis de valeriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  bund s. n., pl. búnduri Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  BUND s.n.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Bund — Sm std. (11. Jh.), mhd. bunt, mndd. bunt, mndd. bonde, bunde, bunne Bündel, Vereinigung , mndl. bont Stammwort. Aus vd. * bundi m. Verbundenes, Einfassung zu binden. Hierzu das Diminutiv Bündel (alt m. und wohl mit ae. byndele, bindele f. Bündel… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Bund — Bund, ein um mehrere Eisenstäbe gelegter eiserner Reifen, der entweder den Zweck hat, diese einzelnen Bestandteile zusammenzuhalten (Fig. 1 und 2), oder aber als Verzierung und wohltuende Unterbrechung geradliniger Stäbe benutzt wird. Der… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik