Buckinghamshire


Buckinghamshire
/buk"ing euhm shear', -sheuhr/, n.
a county in S England. 501,800; 294 sq. mi. (761 sq. km). Also called Buckingham, Bucks.

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Administrative (pop., 2001: 479,028), geographic, and historic county, southern England.

It is bordered by the River Thames, London, and the River Ouse valley in the north; its county seat is at Aylesbury. It was affected by each phase of English settlement, from the Neolithic to the Saxon. Under Saxon rule, as part of the kingdom of Mercia, it resisted Danish invasion and became prosperous. Before the 20th century it was a rural area, but the modern growth of London and the expansion of transportation links with it have brought population growth.

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      administrative, geographic, and historic county of southern England. It stretches from the River Thames in the south and the outskirts of London in the southeast across the ridge of chalk upland known as the Chiltern Hills, thence across the fertile Vale of Aylesbury and a low sandy ridge to the valley of the River Great Ouse in the north. Within this region, the administrative, geographic, and historic counties encompass slightly different areas. The administrative county comprises four districts: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks, and Wycombe. The geographic county also includes the unitary authority of Milton Keynes. The historic county encompasses the entire geographic county as well as the unitary authority of Slough, the part of the unitary authority of Windsor and Maidenhead that is north of the Thames, and the town of Linslade, which lies in South Bedfordshire district in the administrative county of Bedfordshire.

      Landscapes are varied, and prior to the 20th century the historic county was deeply rural. The modern growth of London has, with the help of excellent road and rail links with the city, dominated the southernmost third of the county and created long ribbons of suburban development in the valleys of the Chiltern Hills. Commuter rail services extend to Aylesbury, the county town (seat), and High Wycombe, which are some of London's wealthiest suburbs.

      The historic county of Buckinghamshire was affected by each phase of English settlement from the Neolithic to the Saxon, and under the latter's rule it was part of the kingdom of Mercia, resisted Danish invasion from the east, and became prosperous. The Chiltern Hills were heavily forested, however, and clearance of the woodland was completed only in the early 17th century. A principal feature of the period that followed was the creation of great estates with magnificent houses, e.g., Cliveden, now owned by the National Trust, and Stowe, converted into a school. Access to London was a factor in this development and continues to be responsible for population growth in the county.

      Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Aylesbury is internationally known for its treatment of spinal-cord injuries and has hosted the World Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Games—the forerunner of the Paralympics—since 1948.The town of Olney, in north Buckinghamshire, was the home of the 18th-century poet William Cowper. (Cowper, William)

      Industry in the historic county was, until after World War II, represented by printing and light manufacturing at Aylesbury, furniture at High Wycombe, diversified manufacturing at Slough, and railway workshops at Wolverton. More recently, however, remarkable new growth has been registered in the northernmost tip of the county, where the former small towns of Bletchley, Newport Pagnell, and Wolverton have been absorbed by the new town of Milton Keynes, created in 1967. This new development has attracted industry and research institutions and is the headquarters of Great Britain's Open University. Meanwhile, suburban residential development has continued in the southern part of the geographic county. Area, administrative county, 604 square miles (1,565 square km); geographic county, 724 square miles (1,876 square km). Pop. (2005 est.) administrative county, 481,500; geographic county, 700,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Buckinghamshire — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Localización del condado de Buckinghamshire. Buckinghamshire (AFI: /bʌk.ɪŋ.ham.ʃaɪəɹ/), abreviado comúnmente como Buck, es un condado al sureste de Inglaterra, cuya capital es Aylesbury. Ocupa un área de 1.874 km² y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Buckinghamshire — (abreviado Bucks), es un condado al sureste de Inglaterra, cuya capital es Aylesbury. Ocupa un área de 1.874 Km² y tiene una población aproximada (2003) de 693.675 habitantes. Está dividido en cuatro distritos: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Buckinghamshire — (spr. böckinghǟmschir, Bucks), Grafschaft im Innern von England, erstreckt sich von der Themse nördlich bis in das Tal der Ouse, wird von den Grafschaften Hertford, Bedford, Northampton, Oxford, Berkshire, Surrey und Middlesex eingeschlossen und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Buckinghamshire —   [ bʌkɪȖəmʃɪə], County in Südengland, 1 883 km2, 619 500 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Aylesbury …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Buckinghamshire — O.E. Buccingahamscir, from Buccingahamme (early 10c.), River bend land of the family or followers of a man called Bucca …   Etymology dictionary

  • Buckinghamshire — [buk′iŋ əmshir΄, buk′iŋ əmshər] county in SC England: 725 sq mi (1,877 sq km); pop. 632,000: also called Buckingham …   English World dictionary

  • Buckinghamshire — For other uses, see Buckinghamshire (disambiguation). Buckinghamshire Flag of Buckinghamshire County Council …   Wikipedia

  • Buckinghamshire — Grafschaft Buckinghamshire Geographie Status: Zeremonielle und Verwaltungsgrafschaft Region: South East England Fläche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • buckinghamshire — ˈbəkiŋəmˌshi(ə)r, US also ŋˌham adjective or buckingham Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Buckinghamshire or Buckingham county, England : of or from the county of Buckingham, England : of the kind or style prevalent in Buckingham * * * …   Useful english dictionary