buckeye


buckeye
/buk"uy'/, n., pl. buckeyes.
1. any of various trees or shrubs of the genus Aesculus, as A. glabra (Ohio buckeye), having palmate leaves, gray, scaly bark, and bell-shaped greenish-yellow flowers in upright clusters: the state tree of Ohio.
2. the brown nut of any of these trees.
3. (cap.) a native or inhabitant of Ohio (used as a nickname).
4. a butterfly, Precis lavinia, having dark-brown wings with purple or red eyespots.
[1755-65, Amer.; BUCK1 stag + EYE, orig. used to designate def. 1, in allusion to the look of the seed]

* * *

Any of about 13 trees and shrubs of the genus Aesculus (family Hippocastanaceae), native to North America, southeastern Europe, and eastern Asia.

The name refers to the resemblance of the nut, which has a pale patch on a shiny red ground, to the eye of a deer. Buckeyes are valued as ornamental trees for their handsome candelabra-like flower clusters. Both the young foliage and the nuts are poisonous. Among the most notable is the Ohio buckeye (A. glabra), also called fetid buckeye and American horse chestnut, with twigs and leaves that yield an unpleasant odour when crushed. The sweet, or yellow, buckeye (A. flava, or A. octandra) is the largest buckeye, up to 89 ft (27 m) tall, and is naturally abundant in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, U.S.

* * *

tree
 any of about 13 trees and shrubs belonging to the genus Aesculus, in the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to North America, southeastern Europe, and eastern Asia. The name refers to the resemblance of the nut, which has a pale patch on a shiny red ground, to the eye of a deer. Buckeyes, like the related horse chestnut, are valued as ornamental trees for their handsome candelabra-like flower clusters. The fruits have hard leathery husks, smooth to weakly spiny, turning brown in fall; ripe fruits split into three parts to release one to three glossy brown, inedible nuts. Both the young foliage and the nuts are poisonous.

      Among the most notable is the Ohio buckeye (A. glabra), also called fetid buckeye and American horse chestnut, a tree growing up to 21 m (70 feet) in height, with twigs and leaves that yield an unpleasant odour when crushed. The digitate leaves, of five to seven leaflets, turn orange to yellow in fall.

      The sweet, or yellow, buckeye (A. flava, or A. octandra), with yellow flowers, is the largest buckeye, up to 27 m (89 feet), and is naturally abundant in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Red buckeye (A. pavia), with red flowers, is an attractive small tree, reaching a height of up to 7.6 m (25 feet), rarely taller.

      Bottlebrush buckeye (A. parviflora), from Georgia and Alabama, is an attractive shrub, up to 3.5 m (11 feet) high. The white flowers are borne in erect spikes about 30 cm (1 foot) long. Painted, or Georgia, buckeye (A. sylvatica), a rounded shrub or small tree, up to 7.6 m (25 feet), has variably coloured flowers, yellow to reddish on the flower spikes.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Buckeye — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Buckeye (Arizona) Buckeye (Arkansas) Buckeye (Colorado) Buckeye (Indiana) Buckeye (Iowa) Buckeye (Kalifornien) Buckeye (Kansas) Buckeye (Kentucky) Buckeye (Louisiana) Buckeye (Nebraska)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Buckeye — may refer to: *Ohio buckeye or Aesculus glabra , the state tree of Ohio ** Several other species of trees of the genus Aesculus * Ohio State Buckeyes, the intercollegiate athletic teams of The Ohio State University * Buckeye (chicken), a breed of …   Wikipedia

  • Buckeye — Buck eye (b[u^]k [imac] ), n. 1. (Bot.) A name given to several American trees and shrubs of the same genus ({[AE]sculus}) as the horse chestnut. [1913 Webster] {The Ohio buckeye}, or {Fetid buckeye}, is {Aesculus glabra}. {Red buckeye} is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Buckeye — Buckeye, AZ U.S. town in Arizona Population (2000): 6537 Housing Units (2000): 2344 Land area (2000): 145.753405 sq. miles (377.499569 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 145.753405 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Buckeye, AZ — U.S. town in Arizona Population (2000): 6537 Housing Units (2000): 2344 Land area (2000): 145.753405 sq. miles (377.499569 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 145.753405 sq. miles (377.499569 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Buckeye, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 110 Housing Units (2000): 50 Land area (2000): 1.003691 sq. miles (2.599547 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.003691 sq. miles (2.599547 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • buckeye — ☆ buckeye [buk′ī΄ ] n. [ BUCK1 + EYE: from the appearance of the seed] 1. any of various trees (genus Aesculus) of the horse chestnut family with large capsules enclosing shiny brown seeds 2. the seed 3. [B ] Informal a person born or living in… …   English World dictionary

  • Buckeye TV — Infobox Broadcast call letters = Buckeye TV city = station station slogan = Ohio State Student Television station branding = Buckeye TV analog = 19 (CCTV Cable) digital = other chs = affiliations = Open Student Television Network founded =… …   Wikipedia

  • Buckeye — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Buckeye peut faire référence à : North American T 2 Buckeye, un avion d entrainement biplace, Toponymie : aux États Unis : Buckeye, une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • buckeye — noun 1》 an American tree or shrub related to the horse chestnut. [Genus Aesculus: several species.]     ↘the shiny brown nut of the buckeye. 2》 an orange and brown New World butterfly with conspicuous eyespots on the wings. [Junonia coenia.] 3》… …   English new terms dictionary