Bronze Age


Bronze Age
1. a period in the history of humankind, following the Stone Age and preceding the Iron Age, during which bronze weapons and implements were used.
2. (l.c.) Class. Myth. the third of the four ages of the human race, marked by war and violence; regarded as inferior to the silver age but superior to the following iron age.
[1860-65]

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Third phase in the development of material culture among the ancient peoples of Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, following the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods and preceding the Iron Age.

The term also denotes the first period in which metal was used. The date at which the age began varied by region; in Greece and China it began before 3000 BC, in Britain not until с 1900 BC. The beginning of the period is sometimes called the Chalcolithic (Copper-Stone) Age, referring to the initial use of pure copper (along with its predecessor, stone). By 3000 BC the use of copper was well known in the Middle East, had extended westward into the Mediterranean area, and was beginning to infiltrate Europe. Only in the 2nd millennium BC did true bronze come to be widely used. The age was marked by increased specialization and the invention of the wheel and the ox-drawn plow. From с 1000 BC the ability to heat and forge iron brought the Bronze Age to an end.

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 third phase in the development of material culture among the ancient peoples of Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, following the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages. The term also denotes the first period in which metal was used. The date at which the age began varied with regions; in Greece and China, for instance, the Bronze Age began before 3000 BC, whereas in Britain it did not start until about 1900 BC.

      The beginning of the period is sometimes called the Chalcolithic (Chalcolithic Age) (Copper-Stone) Age, referring to the initial use of pure copper (copper processing) (along with its predecessor toolmaking material, stone). Scarce at first, copper was initially used only for small or precious objects. Its use was known in eastern Anatolia by 6500 BC, and it soon became widespread. By the middle of the 4th millennium, a rapidly developing copper metallurgy, with cast tools and weapons, was a factor leading to urbanization in Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia, history of). By 3000 the use of copper was well known in the Middle East, had extended westward into the Mediterranean area, and was beginning to infiltrate the Neolithic cultures of Europe.

      This early copper phase is commonly thought of as part of the Bronze Age, though true bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, was used only rarely at first. During the 2nd millennium the use of true bronze greatly increased; the tin deposits at Cornwall, Eng., were much used and were responsible for a considerable part of the large production of bronze objects at that time. The age was also marked by increased specialization and the invention of the wheel and the ox-drawn plow. From about 1000 BC, the ability to heat and forge another metal, iron, brought the Bronze Age to an end, and the Iron Age began.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bronze age — Bronze Bronze, n. [F. bronze, fr. It. bronzo brown, fr. OHG. br?n, G. braun. See {Brown}, a.] 1. An alloy of copper and tin, to which small proportions of other metals, especially zinc, are sometimes added. It is hard and sonorous, and is used… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bronze Age — n the Bronze Age the time, between about 6000 and 4000 years ago, when bronze was used for making tools, weapons etc →↑Iron Age, ↑Stone Age …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Bronze Age — Bronze′ Age n. ara a period in the history of humankind, following the Stone Age and preceding the Iron Age, during which bronze weapons and implements were used: representative Old World cultures are the Minoan and Mycenaean • Etymology: 1860–65 …   From formal English to slang

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  • Bronze Age — noun (archeology) a period between the Stone and Iron Ages, characterized by the manufacture and use of bronze tools and weapons • Topics: ↑archeology, ↑archaeology • Instance Hypernyms: ↑time period, ↑period of time, ↑period …   Useful english dictionary

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