brine


brine
brineless, adj.briner, n.brinish, adj.brinishness, n.
/bruyn/, n., v., brined, brining.
n.
1. water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt.
2. a salt and water solution for pickling.
3. the sea or ocean.
4. the water of the sea.
5. Chem. any saline solution.
v.t.
6. to treat with or steep in brine.
[bef. 1000; ME; OE bryne; c. D brijn]

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      salt water, particularly a highly concentrated water solution of common salt (sodium chloride). Natural brines occur underground, in salt lakes, or as seawater and are commercially important sources of common salt and other salts, such as chlorides and sulfates of magnesium and potassium.

      Brine is used as a preservative in meat-packing (as in corned beef) and pickling. In refrigeration and cooling systems, brines are used as heat-transfer media because of their low freezing temperatures or as vapour-absorption agents because of their low vapour pressure. Brine is also used to quench (cool) steel.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brine — Brine, n. [AS. bryne a burning, salt liquor, brine, fr. brinnan, brynnan, to burn. See {Burn}.] 1. Water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt; pickle; hence, any strong saline solution; also, the saline residue or strong mother liquor… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brine — Brine, v. t. 1. To steep or saturate in brine. [1913 Webster] 2. To sprinkle with salt or brine; as, to brine hay. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brine — (lat. saltus ) is water saturated or nearly saturated with salt (NaCl). It is used (now less popular than historically) to preserve vegetables, fish, and meat, in a process known as brining. Brine is also commonly used to age Halloumi and Feta… …   Wikipedia

  • brine — [ braın ] noun 1. ) uncount water that contains a lot of salt: preserved in brine 2. ) the brine LITERARY the ocean: the foaming brine …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Brine — (Aussprache: brain) ist eine (beinahe) gesättigte Kochsalzlösung in Wasser. Bei einer thermischen Meerwasserentsalzungsanlage ist es das im Kreislauf geführte Meerwasser, das mit Temperaturen von bis zu 115°C auf 50% höheren Salzgehalt gegenüber… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • brine — [braın] n [U] [: Old English; Origin: bryne] 1.) water which contains a lot of salt and is used for preserving food ▪ fish pickled in brine 2.) sea water …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • brine — [brīn] n. [ME & OE; prob. < IE * bhrēi , to cut (> L friare, to crumble) < base * bher , to cut; orig. sense “cutting, sharp”] 1. water full of salt; heavily saturated salt solution, as for use in pickling 2. a) the water of the sea b)… …   English World dictionary

  • Brine — Nom très rare porté en Belgique, rencontré autrefois aussi dans le département du Nord. Aucune idée solide quant à sa signification …   Noms de famille

  • brine — O.E. bryne, origin unknown; no known cognates beyond Du. brijn, Flem. brijne …   Etymology dictionary

  • brine — [n] salt solution alkali, blue, brackish water, deep, drink, marinade, ocean, pickling solution, preservative, saline, salt water, sea water, sodium chloride solution, vinegar; concept 514 …   New thesaurus

  • brine — ► NOUN ▪ water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt, e.g. seawater. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary


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