breviary


breviary
/bree"vee er'ee, brev"ee-/, n., pl. breviaries.
1. Rom. Cath. Ch. a book containing all the daily psalms, hymns, prayers, lessons, etc., necessary for reciting the office.
2. a book of daily prayers and readings in some other churches.
[1540-50; < L breviarium an abridgment. See BREVI-, -ARY]

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▪ liturgical book
also called  the liturgy of the hours 

      liturgical book in the Roman Catholic Church that contains the daily service for the divine office, the official prayer of the church consisting of psalms, readings, and hymns that are recited at stated hours of the day. The breviary (Latin breviarium, “abridgment”) as a condensed tome appeared only after the divine office itself was fixed and widely used and after the recitation of the office had come to be regarded as obligatory for individuals not residing in a community.

      The form and content of the divine office were fixed in the Roman rite by the 7th century and in Carolingian Europe by the 10th; the office was celebrated by communities in solemn form requiring many ministers using several books. The congregation recited its parts from memory. The first breviaries, which appeared in the 11th century, were choir books containing the whole office in one book. After the appearance in the 13th century of the mendicant orders—religious orders whose work, primarily itinerant preaching and teaching, often did not allow them to reside in common—the need for portable breviaries arose. After Innocent III (pope, 1198–1216) approved a shortened form of the office for his Curia, the book was adopted, with modifications, by the rapidly expanding Franciscan order and became known and ultimately accepted throughout Europe.

      In 1568 Pius V (Pius V, Saint) issued the breviary in a revised form and imposed its use on the Latin church. Since that time there have been piecemeal revisions, particularly in the 20th century. The Second Vatican Council (Vatican Council, Second) (1962–65) permitted the use of vernacular translations and called for a thorough revision, which was subsequently accomplished.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Breviary — • Evolution of the book, or set of books, containing the texts and rubrics of the canonical hours Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Breviary     Breviary      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Breviary — Bre vi*a*ry, n.; pl. {Breviaries}. [F. br[ e]viarie, L. breviarium summary, abridgment, neut. noun fr. breviarius abridged, fr. brevis short. See {Brief}, and cf. {Brevier}.] 1. An abridgment; a compend; an epitome; a brief account or summary.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • breviary — index compendium Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • breviary — 1540s, brief statement; sense of short prayer book used by Catholic priests is from 1610s, from L. breviarium summary, neuter of adjective breviarius abridged, from breviare to shorten, abbreviate, from brevis short (see BRIEF (Cf. brief)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • breviary — ► NOUN (pl. breviaries) ▪ a book containing the service for each day, recited by those in orders in the Roman Catholic Church. ORIGIN Latin breviarium summary, abridgement …   English terms dictionary

  • breviary — [brē′vē er΄ē, brēv′yə rē΄] n. pl. breviaries [ML breviarium < L, an abridgment < breviarius, abridged < brevis, BRIEF] a book containing the Psalms, readings, prayers, etc. of the Divine Office …   English World dictionary

  • Breviary — A breviary (from Latin brevis , short or concise ) is a liturgical book of the Latin liturgical rites of the Catholic Church containing the public or canonical prayers, hymns, the Psalms, readings, and notations for everyday use, especially for… …   Wikipedia

  • Breviary —  ; Divine Office    This word (from the Latin breviarium, meaning a summary ), which refers to a collection of the official daily prayers of the Church, includes hymns, psalms, readings, and prayers that are to be recited at various hours of the… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • breviary — noun (plural ries) Etymology: Middle English breviarie, from Medieval Latin breviarium, from Latin, summary, from brevis Date: 15th century 1. often capitalized a. a book of the prayers, hymns, psalms, and readings for the canonical hours …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • breviary — noun /ˈbrɛv.ɪ.əɹ.i,ˈbriː.vɪ.əɹ.i,ˈbrɛv.i.ɛɹ.i, A book containing prayers, hymns, and so on for everyday use at the canonical hours …   Wiktionary


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