Bravais lattice


Bravais lattice
/brav"ay, breuh vay"/
Crystall. lattice (def. 4).
[named after Auguste Bravais (d. 1863), French physicist]

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      any of 14 possible three-dimensional configurations of points used to describe the orderly arrangement of atoms in a crystal. Each point represents one or more atoms in the actual crystal, and if the points are connected by lines, a crystal lattice is formed; the lattice is divided into a number of identical blocks, or unit cells, characteristic of the Bravais lattices. The French scientist Auguste Bravais (Bravais, Auguste) demonstrated in 1850 that only these 14 types of unit cells are compatible with the orderly arrangements of atoms found in crystals.

      The lattices listed by Bravais are divided into six or seven major crystal symmetry systems. All crystallographers recognize the isometric (isometric system), orthorhombic (orthorhombic system), monoclinic (monoclinic system), tetragonal (tetragonal system), triclinic (triclinic system), and hexagonal systems (qq.v.); some, however, define the hexagonal system so as to include the trigonal or rhombohedral system, which is considered a seventh system by others.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bravais lattice — In geometry and crystallography, a Bravais lattice, named after Auguste Bravais, [cite journal | last = Aroyo | first = Mois I. | coauthors = Ulrich Müller and Hans Wondratschek | title = Historical Introduction | journal = International Tables… …   Wikipedia

  • Bravais lattice — noun a 3 dimensional geometric arrangement of the atoms or molecules or ions composing a crystal • Syn: ↑space lattice, ↑crystal lattice • Hypernyms: ↑lattice * * * ˈbraˌvā ; brəˈvā , braˈ noun Usage: usually capitalized B …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bravais lattice — Bravė gardelė statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Erdvinės kristalo gardelės tipas, sudarytas iš dėsningai išsidėsčiusių atomų ar jonų – mazgų, kurie lygiagrečiu poslinkiu gali būti sutapatinti vienas su kitu. atitikmenys …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • Bravais lattice — Bravė gardelė statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. Bravais lattice vok. Bravais Gitter, n rus. решётка Бравэ, f pranc. réseau de Bravais, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • Bravais lattice — Bravė gardelė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Erdvinės kristalo gardelės tipas. atitikmenys: angl. Bravais lattice rus. решетка Браве …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Bravais, Auguste — ▪ French physicist born Aug. 23, 1811, Annonay, Fr. died March 30, 1863, Le Chesnay       French physicist best remembered for his work on the lattice theory of crystals; Bravais lattices (Bravais lattice) are named for him.       Bravais… …   Universalium

  • Lattice plane — In crystallography, a lattice plane of a given Bravais lattice is a plane (or family of parallel planes) whose intersections with the lattice (or any crystalline structure of that lattice) are periodic (i.e. are described by 2d Bravais lattices) …   Wikipedia

  • Bravais-Gitter — Bravė gardelė statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Erdvinės kristalo gardelės tipas, sudarytas iš dėsningai išsidėsčiusių atomų ar jonų – mazgų, kurie lygiagrečiu poslinkiu gali būti sutapatinti vienas su kitu. atitikmenys …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • Bravais-Gitter — Bravė gardelė statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. Bravais lattice vok. Bravais Gitter, n rus. решётка Бравэ, f pranc. réseau de Bravais, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • lattice — latticelike, adj. /lat is/, n., v., latticed, latticing. n. 1. a structure of crossed wooden or metal strips usually arranged to form a diagonal pattern of open spaces between the strips. 2. a window, gate, or the like consisting of such a… …   Universalium


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