Botany Bay


Botany Bay
a bay on the SE coast of Australia, near Sydney: site of early British penal colony.

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Inlet of the South Pacific Ocean, southeastern Australia.

Lying south of Sydney off Port Jackson, it is about 6 mi (10 km) at its widest. It was the scene of the first Australian landing by Capt. James Cook in 1770; he named the bay for its great variety of plants. It was selected in 1787 as the site for a penal settlement, but the settlement was soon transferred inland. Its shores are now ringed by Sydney's suburbs.

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      inlet of the Tasman Sea (Pacific Ocean), indenting New South Wales, Australia. Roughly circular, about 5 miles (8 km) across and 1 mile (1.6 km) wide at its mouth (between the La Perouse and Kurnell peninsulas), it receives the Georges and Cooks rivers.

      The bay was the site in 1770 of Captain James Cook's first landing in Australia. He named it Stingray Harbour but later changed the name because of the variety of new plants found there by his expedition's naturalist, Joseph (later Sir Joseph) Banks. Plans were made for Captain Arthur Phillip, of the Royal Navy, to establish a convict settlement there, but when he arrived in 1788 he found the bay area unsuitable for habitation and moved the colony 5 miles north to Port Jackson (later Sydney). Jean La Perouse, a French mariner, explored the bay that same year.

      Its shores are now ringed by the suburbs of Sydney, with Sydney (Kingsford Smith) Airport on the northwest and an oil refinery on the south; the Bunnerong power station and several national nature reserves also border the inlet. Port Botany has been dredged and made safer for ships by means of a breakwater, and it is much used by container ships.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Botany Bay — is a bay in Sydney, New South Wales, a few kilometres south of the Sydney central business district. Two runways of Sydney Airport extend into the bay. Botany Bay was the site of James Cook s first landing of HMS Endeavour on the continent of… …   Wikipedia

  • Botany Bay — Image satellite de Botany Bay. Géographie humaine Pays côtier(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Botany Bay — Bot a*ny Bay A harbor on the east coast of Australia, and an English convict settlement there; so called from the number of new plants found on its shore at its discovery by Cook in 1770. [1913 Webster] Note: Hence, any place to which desperadoes …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Botany Bay —   [ bɔtənɪ beɪ], geschützte Meeresbucht an der Pazifikküste Australiens, rd. 10 km südlich von Sydney, mit dem Industrievorort Botany (Erdölraffinerie, bedeutender Containerhafen). In der Botany Bay landete am 29. 4. 1770 J. Cook und entdeckte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Botany Bay — [bät′ n ē] bay on the SE coast of Australia, near Sydney: site of Captain Cook s original landing in Australia …   English World dictionary

  • Botany Bay — es una ensenada del Océano Pacífico sur ubicada al sudeste de Australia. Localizándose al sur de Sydney al salir de Port Jackson, cuenta con aproximadamente 6 millas (10 km) de extensión. Fue el escenario de la primera población australiana… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Botany Bay — Botany Bay, bahía de * * * Ensenada del océano Pacífico sur, en el sudeste de Australia. Se ubica al sur de Sydney cerca de Port Jackson y mide alrededor de 10 km (6 mi) en su punto más ancho. Fue el escenario del primer desembarco en tierras… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Botany Bay — Luftaufnahme der Botany Bay 33.983333333333151.18333333333 Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Botany Bay — /bɒtəni ˈbeɪ/ (say botuhnee bay) noun 1. a bay on the eastern coast of Australia, 8 km south of Sydney; site of Captain James Cook s first landing in Australia; original destination of the First Fleet. –adjective 2. Obsolete of or relating to NSW …   Australian English dictionary

  • Botany Bay —    Voir Les Bagnards de Botany Bay …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Botany Bay — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Botany Bay Country and Admin Code AU.02.11100 AU …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II


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