Bonin Islands


Bonin Islands
/boh"nin/
a group of islands in the N Pacific, SE of and belonging to Japan: under U.S. administration 1945-68. 40 sq. mi. (104 sq. km). Japanese, Ogasawara Jima.

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Japanese Ogasawara-gunto

Island group, western Pacific Ocean.

Located about 600 mi (950 km) south of Tokyo and consisting of 27 volcanic islands with a total area of about 40 sq mi (104 sq km), the group includes Chichi (the largest), Haha, Muko, and Yome islands. They were colonized in 1830 by a group of Europeans and Hawaiians. The islands were formally annexed by Japan in 1876; they were administered by the U.S. in 1945–68.

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Japanese  Ogasawara-guntō  

      some 30 volcanic islands and islets in the central Pacific Ocean, about 500 miles (800 km) southeast of Japan. They can be divided into three main groups: Chichijima (Beechey) Group: Ani and Chichi islands; Mukojima (Parry) Group: Muko Island; and Hahajima (Baily) Group: Haha Island. The highest point (1,500 feet [450 metres]) is on Haha Island. A part of Tokyo metropolis (to) before World War II, they were afterward placed under U.S. military control until returned to Japan in 1968. They are now under a common administration with Minami-Tori (Marcus) Island and the Volcano Islands (Kazan-rettō). The largest island, Chichi (9.5 square miles [25 square km]), has the best harbour, Futami Anchorage (Port Lloyd Harbour).

      The islands command a strategic position astride the Pacific approaches to East Asia. They were discovered by the Spanish navigator Ruy López de Villalobos in 1543 and were vaguely claimed by the United States (1823) and Britain (1825), but they were formally annexed by Japan in 1876. Only a fraction of their total land area—28 square miles (73 square km)—is arable, the remainder being hilly and forested. Valuable stands of timber include cedar, rosewood, ironwood, boxwood, sandalwood, and white oak.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bonin Islands — Ogasawara Islands * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country Japan Type Natural Criteria ix …   Wikipedia

  • Bonin Islands — or Ogasawara Islands geographical name islands W Pacific about 600 miles (966 kilometers) SSE of Tokyo; belong to Japan; administered by United States 1945 68 area 40 square miles (104 square kilometers), population 1507 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Bonin Islands — Bo′nin Is′lands [[t]ˈboʊ nɪn[/t]] n. pl. geg a group of islands in the N Pacific, SE of and belonging to Japan: under U.S. administration 1945–68. 40 sq. mi. (104 sq. km) …   From formal English to slang

  • Bonin Islands — /boʊnən ˈaɪləndz/ (say bohnuhn uyluhndz) plural noun a group of Japanese islands in the western Pacific. 103 km2. Largest island, Chichijima. Japanese, Ogasawara guntō …   Australian English dictionary

  • Bonin Islands — /boh nin/ a group of islands in the N Pacific, SE of and belonging to Japan: under U.S. administration 1945 68. 40 sq. mi. (104 sq. km). Japanese, Ogasawara Jima …   Useful english dictionary

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