- Boniface IX
(Pietro Tomacelli)died 1404, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1389-1404.
* * *▪ popeoriginal name Pietro Tomacelliborn c. 1355, Naplesdied Oct. 1, 1404, Romepope from 1389 to 1404; he was the second pontiff to rule in Rome during the Western Schism (1378–1417).Created cardinal deacon early in life and cardinal priest by Urban VI in 1385, he succeeded Urban, whose disputed election was the original cause of the rupture between Rome and Avignon over legal claimants to the papal throne. Boniface, viewing the Schism as a political problem, resorted to all possible means of raising money in order to win allies against the Avignon antipopes Clement VII (whom he excommunicated) and Clement's successor, Benedict XIII. He not only failed to end the breach, but he also aroused hostility by his high-handed methods to raise the large sums of money required for his campaigns.
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Boniface IX — Pope Boniface IX † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Boniface IX Elected at Rome, 2 November, 1389, as successor of the Roman Pope, Urban VI; d. there, 1 October, 1404. Piero (Perino, Pietro) Tomacelli came of an ancient but impoverished… … Catholic encyclopedia
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Boniface — On trouve ce nom un peu partout en France, mais il est particulièrement représenté dans la Marne. C est un nom de baptême d origine latine (bonifacius = qui a bonne figure, ou plutôt bonifatius = qui a un bon destin). Saint Boniface était un… … Noms de famille
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