Bloomington


Bloomington
/blooh"ming teuhn/, n.
1. a city in SE Minnesota. 81,831.
2. a city in S Indiana. 51,646.
3. a city in central Illinois. 44,189.

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      city, seat (1830) of McLean county, central Illinois, U.S. It is adjacent to Normal (north), about halfway between Chicago and St. Louis (Saint Louis), Missouri. The site was settled in 1822 and was known as Keg Grove and later as Blooming Grove for the area's wildflowers. In 1831 the town was laid out and was renamed Bloomington. In 1856 at Major's Hall in Bloomington, Abraham Lincoln (Lincoln, Abraham) delivered his famous “lost speech” on slavery during a convention to organize the Republican Party in Illinois; a plaque commemorates the site. The city lies in a rich agricultural region, and its economy is based mainly on farming (chiefly corn [maize] and soybeans), livestock raising, and the production of farm seeds; insurance and the manufacture of candy and vacuum cleaners are also important.

      Illinois Wesleyan University (1850) and a campus of Heartland Community College (1990) are in Bloomington, and Illinois State University (1857) is in Normal. An annual spring event is the production of the American Passion Play. The mansion (1872) of Supreme Court associate justice David Davis (Davis, David) is a state historic site. Bloomington features museums devoted to history and aviation, a zoo, and a summer Shakespeare festival. Both Adlai E. Stevenson (Stevenson, Adlai), vice president (1893–97) of the United States, and his grandson, Adlai E. Stevenson II (Stevenson, Adlai E), Illinois governor and two-time Democratic Party presidential nominee, are buried in Evergreen Cemetery. There is a gem and mineral museum in Shirley, southwest of the city. Inc. 1839. Pop. (1990) city, 51,972; Bloomington-Normal MSA, 129,180; (2000) city, 64,808; Bloomington-Normal MSA, 150,433.

      city, seat (1818) of Monroe county, southern Indiana, U.S. It lies 48 miles (77 km) south-southwest of Indianapolis. Laid out in 1818, it is in the centre of the Indiana limestone belt, and extensive stone quarries and mills are nearby. Indiana University (1820), a major element in the city's development, remains its largest employer. The economy is also based on diversified industry, especially production of refrigerators, elevators, medical and surgical equipment, and televisions. The Tibetan Cultural Center, located just southeast of the city, was founded in 1979 by Thubten Jigme Norbu, elder brother of the 14th Dalai Lama. The Monroe Lake State Recreation Area is 4 miles (6 km) southeast. Inc. town, 1845, 1859; city, 1877. Pop. (2000) city, 69,291; Bloomington MSA, 175,506; (2005 est.) city, 69,017; (2004 est.) Bloomington MSA, 177,587.

 city, Hennepin county, southeastern Minnesota, U.S. It is a suburb of Minneapolis, located south of the city, and lies on the Minnesota River. Sioux Indians lived there when settlers first arrived. It was settled in 1843 by Peter and Louisa Quinn, who taught farming techniques to the local Native Americans. That year Gideon Pond established a mission in the area. It became a township in 1858 and was named for the Illinois city (see Bloomington, Illinois). A population increase after World War II was accompanied by an expansion of diversified industry.

 Bloomington's most famous attraction is the Mall of America (opened 1992), the largest indoor shopping mall in the United States. The mall's 4.2 million square feet (390,000 square metres) of space includes restaurants, nightclubs, a theme park, a wedding chapel, an aquarium, a miniature golf course, and more than 500 stores. Tourism is the city's leading industry, but there is also some manufacturing (including computer equipment, lawn and garden equipment, refrigeration systems, industrial filtration systems, welding equipment, metal products, and semiconductors). From 1956 to 1985 the city was the site of Metropolitan Stadium, which was the home ballpark (1961–81) of Major League Baseball's Minnesota Twins and the National Football League's Minnesota Vikings. The city is home to a community college (1968). Bloomington adjoins Minneapolis–St. Paul International Airport, and a light-rail line links the city with Minneapolis. Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge lies along the river, with Fort Snelling State Park nearby. Inc. village, 1953; city, 1960. Pop. (2000) 85,172; (2007 est.) 81,446.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bloomington — is the name of some places in the United States of America: *Bloomington, California *Bloomington, Idaho *Bloomington, Illinois ** the Bloomington meteorite of 1938, which fell in Illinois, United States (see Meteorite falls) *Bloomington,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bloomington — Bloomington, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 124 Housing Units (2000): 80 Land area (2000): 0.796704 sq. miles (2.063453 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.796704 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bloomington — ist der Name folgender Orte in den USA: Bloomington (Kalifornien) Bloomington (Idaho) Bloomington (Illinois) Bloomington (Indiana) Bloomington (Maryland) Bloomington (Minnesota) Bloomington (Nebraska) Bloomington (Texas) Bloomington (Wisconsin)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bloomington — (Indiana) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bloomington (homonymie). Bloomington Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bloomington, CA — U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 19318 Housing Units (2000): 5260 Land area (2000): 5.968259 sq. miles (15.457719 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003139 sq. miles (0.008129 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.971398 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bloomington, ID — U.S. city in Idaho Population (2000): 251 Housing Units (2000): 111 Land area (2000): 0.891591 sq. miles (2.309210 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.891591 sq. miles (2.309210 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bloomington, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 64808 Housing Units (2000): 28431 Land area (2000): 22.500159 sq. miles (58.275143 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 22.500159 sq. miles (58.275143 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bloomington, IN — U.S. city in Indiana Population (2000): 69291 Housing Units (2000): 28400 Land area (2000): 19.734810 sq. miles (51.112921 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.198697 sq. miles (0.514623 sq. km) Total area (2000): 19.933507 sq. miles (51.627544 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bloomington, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 85172 Housing Units (2000): 37104 Land area (2000): 35.481484 sq. miles (91.896619 sq. km) Water area (2000): 2.889353 sq. miles (7.483389 sq. km) Total area (2000): 38.370837 sq. miles (99.380008 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bloomington, NE — U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 124 Housing Units (2000): 80 Land area (2000): 0.796704 sq. miles (2.063453 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.796704 sq. miles (2.063453 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bloomington, TX — U.S. Census Designated Place in Texas Population (2000): 2562 Housing Units (2000): 921 Land area (2000): 2.664732 sq. miles (6.901624 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.664732 sq. miles (6.901624 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places