- blood typing
the process of classifying blood into blood groups, based on laboratory tests to reveal the presence or absence of particular antigens on the surface of red blood cells. Also called blood grouping.[1925-30]
* * *Classification of blood by inherited antigens associated with erythrocytes (red blood cells).The ABO blood-group system and Rh blood-group system are among those most commonly considered. Without identification of these factors, blood transfusion from an incompatible donor may result in destruction of red cells or coagulation. Blood typing also helps identify disorders such as erythroblastosis fetalis.
* * *classification of blood in terms of distinctive inherited characteristics that are associated with the antigens (antigen) located on the surface of red blood cells (erythrocytes (erythrocyte)). The ABO (ABO blood group system) and the Rh blood groups (Rh blood group system) are among those most commonly considered. Identification of these determinants has become indispensable in connection with blood transfusion, because the recipient and donor must have the same, or compatible, blood groups. Otherwise, hemolysis (destruction) or coagulation (clotting) results from interaction of an antigen on the red blood cells of one with an antibody in the serum of the other. In addition, blood typing serves to promptly identify the cause of such disorders as erythroblastosis fetalis (hemolytic disease of the newborn), which results from blood group incompatibility between mother and fetus. Since blood group determinants are inherited according to generally known mechanisms of heredity, blood typing sometimes provides a method for resolving cases of disputed paternity.
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См. также в других словарях:
blood typing — n the action or process of determining an individual s blood group called also blood grouping … Medical dictionary
blood typing — ☆ blood typing n. the classification of human blood cells to determine compatible blood types as for transfusion or organ transplant … English World dictionary
blood typing — blood′ typ ing n. phl med the process of classifying blood into blood groups through laboratory tests • Etymology: 1925–30 … From formal English to slang
blood-typing — noun Date: 1925 the action or process of determining an individual s blood group … New Collegiate Dictionary
blood typing — noun determining a person s blood type by serological methods • Hypernyms: ↑diagnosis, ↑diagnosing … Useful english dictionary
Blood transfusion — Intervention Plastic bag containing packed red blood cells in citrate, phosphate, dextrose, and adenine (CPDA) solution … Wikipedia
Blood type — (or blood group) is determined, in part, by the ABO blood group antigens present on red blood cells. A blood type (also called a blood group) is a classification of blood based on the presence or absence of inherited antigenic substances on the… … Wikipedia
blood grouping — blood group·ing grüp iŋ n BLOOD TYPING * * * the classification of blood according to blood group, done to determine its suitability for transfusion in a given recipient, to settle cases of disputed paternity, and to trace substances in certain… … Medical dictionary
Blood type (non-human) — Animals and bacteria have cell surface antigens referred to as a blood type. Antigens from the human ABO blood group system are also found in apes such as chimpanzees, bonobos and gorillas. Other animal blood sometimes agglutinates (to varying… … Wikipedia
blood — bloodlike, adj. /blud/, n. 1. the fluid that circulates in the principal vascular system of human beings and other vertebrates, in humans consisting of plasma in which the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are suspended. 2. the… … Universalium